Category Archives: Cognitive

Memory Reconsolidation: Chapter eleven. Episodic Memory

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A phenomenon that resembles loss aversion is the sunk-cost effect, in which additional resources are expended to justify some previous commitment. All students in the program are expected to attend the defense. However, even though Wallas’s analysis provides us with a broad framework, it is really too general and descriptive. For example, Marshall and Halligan (1988) presented a neglect patient with two drawings of a house that were identical, except that the house presented to the left visual field had flames coming out of one of its windows.

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Handbook of Perception: Perceptual Processing, Vol. 9

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But of all the things psychologists study cognitive psychology has as much to do with other disciplines as it does with psychology. I hoped these wonderful people would become my colleagues. Because he wanted to visit his grandmother and knew the bus would take him there. Folk biology and the anthropology of science: Cognitive universals and cultural particulars. William James wrote the first psychology textbook, Principles of Psychology, which was the central work of his career.

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Neuroeconomics: Chapter 12. Neuroeconomics of Emotion and

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Search may also be reduced by breaking the initial goal into subgoals which, when achieved, lead to the goals; for instance, if your goal is “to get to the shop before it closes” you might generate the three subgoals of “find a map”, “plan the shortest route”, and “find a mode of transport faster than walking” to achieve the goal. Dartnall, Bowmaker, and Mollon (1983) obtained support for this theory using a technique known as microspectrophotometry. Serial rapists like themselves as much as other men: 'these men do not feel bad enough about themselves.

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Conventionality in Cognitive Development: How Children

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For example, Miceli, Silveri, Romani, and Caramazza (1989) studied the speech productions of 20 patients who could be classified as agrammatic. Recovery Worksheets New: Worksheet for Establishing A Support System New: Addiction Recovery Worksheet: Recovering Your Honesty New: Charting Your Progress with. FIGURE 9.8 An example of the materials used in mental scanning experiments. The same knowledge base and similar planning skills are used in speaking and in writing, but spoken language is typically more informal than written language.

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Education for the Human Brain: A Road Map to Natural

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However, others have argued that connectionism represents an alternative to the information-processing paradigm (Smolensky, 1988; Smolensky, Legendre, & Miyata, 1993). Third, select an operator that solves this subgoal and apply it. Unfortunately, this is probably impossible given the breadth of human knowledge and the possible variability in knowledge structures from one individual to the next. Metacognition constitutes the functions bringing about a continuous analysis of one's thinking.

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Psychophysiology: The Mind-Body Perspective (Perspectives in

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Chase and Simon tested this hypothesis using a modified version of DeGroot’s task. The Division has a large array of graduate courses that cover the field of cognitive psychology in an exceptionally comprehensive manner. In Precursors to Cognitive Psychology we saw that psychologists adopted a number of methodologies throughout the late nineteenth century and the twentieth century, including focusing only on observable behaviour. We see that influential schools have arisen, claiming a basis in cognitive psychology, that are advocating Frazier's program but which have almost no grounding in cognitive theory and at least as little grounding in empirical fact.

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How Humanity Came into Being: The Evolution of Consciousness

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Rajaram (1993) presented a word below the conscious threshold to participants immediately prior to each test word that was presented for recognition memory. This has sometimes been interpreted as meaning that optic aphasics have normal access to semantic information about visually presented objects. LaBerge (1983) assumed that the probe was responded to faster when it fell within the central attentional beam than when it did not. The personal and professional growth that this work calls me into is one of the most challenging, yet growth-enhancing aspects of my work.

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What Should We Be Worried About?: Real Scenarios That Keep

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An additional problem is that there is clearer evidence of deficits in contextual processing in amnesic patients with damage to the diencephalon than in those with damage to the temporal lobes (Parkin & Hunkin, 1997). Knoblich et al. (1999) argued that these problems are solved by relaxing the normal constraints of arithmetic; constraints we implicitly adopt about values, functions, and equality signs not usually considered to be arbitrarily FIGURE 14.12 Two of the matchstick problems used by Knoblich et al. (1999), and the cumulative solution rates produced to these types of problems in their study.

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A Joosr Guide to... The Power of Habit by Charles Duhigg:

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Throughout the degree we provide support for career development through work experience opportunities, Careers Workshops and other events. They argued that all stimuli are fully analysed, with the most important or relevant stimulus determining the response (see Figure 5.2). Ideally, the student and faculty member would work together to prepare the materials for the class. However, the increasing activation levels of present and future sounds and words increasingly prevent the past from intruding into present speech.

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Ten Years' Viewing from Within: Further Debate (Journal of

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Such stories are easier to process and easily processed stories are more readily believed. Vision has become one of the hottest fields in cognitive psychology. As they advance in age, an important feature of this stage gradually occurs called object permanency, the ability to recognize that when an object is moved from it visual field, the object continues to exist. Research on this topic focuses primarily on the role of vision and visual perception in human performance.

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