Category Archives: Modern Renaissance

The Complete Works of Montaigne: Essays, Travel Journal,

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Includes pages on history and politics, society and culture, tavern life, entertainment, as well as everyday life. Spinoza... says: "hatred is increased by being reciprocated, and can on the other hand be destroyed by love." Before defining these schools it is necessary to mention three philosophers who defy easy classification: Henri Bergson, Alfred North Whitehead, and John Dewey. E. by the middle and lower classes, tired of being excluded from power and despised by the aristocrats.

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A Case for Freedom: Machiavellian Humanism

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Jill Kraye is Reader in the History of Renaissance Philosophy at the Warburg Institute. For a long time, study of early modern philosophy was limited to the canonical works of Descartes, Hobbes, Spinoza, Leibniz, Locke, Hume, and Kant, and reflected contemporary concerns of a predominantly analytical slant. Those who believed in predestination strove to appear as one of the elected few by living a pious and upright life. Never will our city be destroyed by the will of the gods, for we are guarded by the wise goddess Athena.

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Pontano's Virtues: Aristotelian Moral and Political Thought

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Thank God that she was enough of a Christian to realize that that conclusion was theologically unacceptable! The following paragraphs, therefore, contain repetition The focus on sense data and experience of empiricism becomes a focus on conventionalism and fictionalism in the hands of Mach, Avenarius, and Vaihinger; in pragmatism: a focus on experimentalism and instrumentalism�the consequences and uses of knowledge over representation as truth criteria; an attack on metaphysics and a scientific reductionism in positivism; and a focus on language in analytic philosophy: facts and descriptions of facts form the content of knowledge There are two approaches: (1) (Schlick) psychological value, good are mere abstractions, but valuation, approbation are actual psychic occurrences; (2) (Ayer) one class of �ethical statements are not propositions at all but ejaculations or commands which are designed to provoke the reader to action of a certain sort��The statement �stealing is wrong� expresses nothing but my disapproval of theft. (Clearly a pragmatist interpretation of ethics.) England: Wittgensteinians: Intention G.

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