Download A Brief History of the Late Ottoman Empire by M. Şükrü Hanioğlu PDF

By M. Şükrü Hanioğlu

On the flip of the 19th century, the Ottoman Empire straddled 3 continents and encompassed impressive ethnic and cultural variety one of the predicted thirty million humans residing inside of its borders. It was once possibly the main cosmopolitan kingdom within the world--and potentially the main unstable. a quick heritage of the past due Ottoman Empire now provides students and normal readers a concise heritage of the overdue empire among 1789 and 1918, turbulent years marked by way of awesome social switch. relocating prior typical remedies of the topic, M. Skr Hanioglu emphasizes large old traits and approaches greater than unmarried occasions. He examines the imperial fight to centralize amid strong competition from neighborhood rulers, nationalist and different teams, and overseas powers. He appears to be like heavily on the socioeconomic alterations this fight wrought and addresses the Ottoman reaction to the demanding situations of modernity. Hanioglu exhibits how this historical past isn't just necessary to comprehending sleek Turkey, yet is critical to the histories of Europe and the realm. He brings Ottoman society marvelously to lifestyles in all its facets--cultural, diplomatic, highbrow, literary, army, and political--and he mines imperial files and different records from the interval to explain it because it truly used to be, now not because it has been portrayed in postimperial nationalist narratives. a short background of the overdue Ottoman Empire is a must-read for an individual looking to comprehend the legacy left during this empire's ruins--a legacy the area nonetheless grapples with this day.

Show description

Read Online or Download A Brief History of the Late Ottoman Empire PDF

Similar turkey books

The Young Turks in Opposition (Studies in Middle Eastern History)

In 1908, the revolution of the younger Turks deposed the dictatorship of Sultan Abdulhamid II and verified a constitutional regime that grew to become the main ruling strength within the Ottoman empire. however the seeds of this revolution went again a lot farther: to 1889, whilst the key younger Turk association the Committee of Union and growth was once shaped.

Armenian History and the Question of Genocide

This publication offers the Turkish place in regards to the Armenian claims of genocide in the course of global battle I and the continued debate over this issue. The writer illustrates that even though genocide is an invaluable proposal to explain such evil occasions because the Jewish Holocaust in international battle II and Rwanda within the Nineties, the time period has additionally been overused, misused, and hence trivialized by way of many alternative teams trying to demonize their antagonists and win sympathetic approbation for them.

Bandits and Bureaucrats: The Ottoman Route to State Centralization

Why did the most problem to the Ottoman nation come now not in peasant or elite rebellions, yet in endemic banditry? Karen Barkey exhibits how Turkish techniques of incorporating peasants and rotating elites stored either teams depending on the country, not able and unwilling to insurgent. Bandits, previously mercenary squaddies, weren't attracted to uprising yet targeting attempting to achieve kingdom assets, extra as rogue consumers than as primitive rebels.

Extra info for A Brief History of the Late Ottoman Empire

Sample text

12 Stanford J. Shaw, The Financial and Administrative Organization and Development of Ottoman Egypt, 1517–1798 (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1962), p. 348. 13 Cengiz Orhonlu, Osmanlı İmparatorluğu’nun Güney Siyaseti: Habeş Eyaleti (Istanbul: Edebiyat Fakültesi Yayınları, 1974), pp. 37ff. 14 [John Lewis Burckhardt], Johann Ludwig Burckhardt’s Reisen in Nubien (Weimar: Landes-Industrie-Comptoirs, 1820), pp. 608–13. indd 11 8/23/2007 8:15:57 PM 12 Chapter One of the Hijāz was essential for the legitimacy of the Ottoman sultans who, unable to trace their lineage back to the Prophet Muhammad, based their claim to the Caliphate on their custodianship of the Two Holy Sanctuaries of Mecca and Medina.

51 Genç, Devlet ve Ekonomi, p. 89. indd 23 8/23/2007 8:16:00 PM 24 Chapter One transportation and development. Although the state invested heavily in military-related industries, such as silk and wool for the production of sailcloth for the navy, the overall picture from the mid-eighteenth century onward was one of stagnation and decline relative to Europe. 52 Debasement remained the mainstay of Ottoman monetary policy. In the late seventeenth century an experiment with minting cheaper copper coins along with the traditional silver proved unsuccessful, primarily because provincial suspicion of the new coinage precipitated the flight of gold and silver to the periphery and the accumulation of copper in the cities.

Watches, quadrants, and hourglasses were commonplace, supplementing state-sponsored mechanisms of timekeeping. 63 The inventories of the first five were recorded in Hicrî 1164 (1750–51), while those of the others were registered in Hicrî 1215 (1800–1801). In the Ottoman system, the total worth of a given estate was equal to the aggregated worth of all possessions of the deceased, including physical belongings, property, cash savings, loans to other individuals, and slaves and concubines. This was different from the total 62 Specifically, the Covenant of the Second Caliph

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.87 of 5 – based on 41 votes