Download A Short History of Modern Philosophy: From Descartes to by Roger Scruton PDF

By Roger Scruton

Become aware of for your self the pleasures of philosophy! Written either for the pro scholar of philosophy in addition to the final reader, the well known author Roger Scruton offers a survey of recent philosophy. regularly enticing, Scruton takes us on a desirable journey of the topic, from founding father Descartes to crucial and recognized thinker of the 20 th century, Ludwig Wittgenstein. He identifies all of the primary figures in addition to outlines of the most highbrow preoccupations that experience knowledgeable western philosophy. portray a portrait of recent philosophy that's brilliant and lively, Scruton introduces us to a couple of the best philosophical difficulties invented during this interval and pursued ever considering the fact that. together with fabric on fresh debates, a quick heritage of contemporary Philosophy is already tested because the vintage advent. learn it and discover why.

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Additional resources for A Short History of Modern Philosophy: From Descartes to Wittgenstein

Sample text

It is the movement of desire which, yet again, holds together what is separate or keeps apart things that go together, it is this movement that runs through philosophy, it is by opening up to it and in order to open up to it that we philosophize. We can yield to movement in very different ways: we can be susceptible to the fact that two and two makes four, or that a man and a woman make a couple, or that a multitude of individuals makes a society or that a host of instants makes a duration, or that a succession of words makes a meaning, or that a series of actions makes a life – and at the same time we realize that none of these results can be taken for granted, that the unity of 40 why desire?

The relationship that simultaneously unites and separates its terms, makes them exist within each other as well as outside of each other. I think that we can now get back to philosophy and grasp how philosophy is philein, love, by testing out on it the two characteristics that we have analysed in relation to desire. At the end of the Symposium, the drunken Alcibiades (and as he himself puts it, truth lies in wine) delivers a speech in praise of Socrates, next to whom he is reclining. Of this portrait, one fragment deserves our attention, since we are trying to understand why we should philosophize; it is the passage where Alcibiades tells the following story.

89). Now, what unity and what power of unification is Hegel talking about? Or – and it boils down to the same thing – what are the contraries, the oppositions whose dichotomy, whose duplication coincides with the coming of philosophy? Here is what Hegel says in the same passage: ‘Antitheses such as spirit and matter, soul and body, faith and intellect, freedom and necessity, etc. used to be important; and in more limited spheres they appeared in a variety of other guises. The whole weight of human interests hung upon 46 philosophy and origin them’ (p.

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