By Ralph J. DiClemente, John S. Santelli, Richard A. Crosby
This booklet covers the developmental and illnesses certain to the adolescent interval of existence. It makes a speciality of specific wishes and public future health courses for youth. It bargains deep perception into smoking, violence, teenager being pregnant, HIV/AIDS, and different difficulties, besides intervention and prevention ideas.
"Anyone occupied with enhancing adolescent healthiness should still learn this e-book. It spans theoretical and developmental constructs, summaries of evidence-based interventions for adolescent hazard behaviors, metrics, and coverage recommendations." —S. Jean Emans, MD, leader, department of Adolescent medication, and Robert Masland Jr., chair, Adolescent medication, kid's health center Boston, and professor of pediatrics, Harvard clinical School
"This is the single unmarried textual content that scholars can use to review adolescent well-being. It contains contributions from a few of the world's so much finished researchers to supply newcomers with leading edge info to make the research of early life comprehensible and appropriate in sensible settings." —Gary L. Hopkins, MD, DrPH, affiliate learn professor and director, heart for Prevention examine, and director, middle for Media effect learn, Andrews University
"This textbook provides a superb stability in weighing the proof from the danger and the resilience literature, incorporating examine in racially and ethnically varied populations." —Renée R. Jenkins, MD, FAAP, professor, division of Pediatrics and baby overall healthiness, Howard collage collage of Medicine
"This is an interesting, thorough, and thought-provoking assertion of our wisdom approximately youth. " —Wendy Baldwin, PhD, director, Poverty, Gender, and adolescence application, inhabitants Council
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Additional info for Adolescent Health: Understanding and Preventing Risk Behaviors
2005). , 2006). The changes in weight among adolescents and young adults in the United States as documented in the National Health and Interview Surveys over the last forty years clearly demonstrate this change. 6 kg for females this age. 0 kg for females (Ogden, Fryar, Carroll, & Flegal, 2004). 1 percent among females between the 1971–1974 survey and the 1999–2002 survey. 4 percent between 1960–1962 and 1999–2002. The CDC has defined overweight as a body mass index (BMI) of 95 percent or higher for age and gender.
HIGH-RISK BEHAVIORS AS UNDERLYING CAUSES OF DEATH By traditional markers such as rates of mortality, chronic disease, and hospitalization, adolescents and young adults are healthy. Most health problems in this age group stem from high-risk behaviors that jeopardize health. Moreover, these behaviors also have implications for health outcomes in the long term, including premature death. In 1993, McGinnis and Foege published a seminal paper on the actual causes of death in the United States. , who described actual causes of death in 2000 (Mokdad, Marks, Stroup, & Gerberding, 2004).
LEARNING OBJECTIVES After studying this chapter, you will be able to ■ Analyze a multidimensional framework in which socioenvironmental factors affect existing biological and psychological predispositions to influence risktaking behavior. ■ Summarize existing unidimensional theories of adolescent risk-taking behavior. ■ Describe future directions for using the biopsychosocial model in understanding adolescent risk taking. 32 Chapter 3 Theories of Adolescent Risk Taking Adolescence is a stage of life characterized by marked physical, cognitive, social, and emotional change.