By Marcus Ackroyd, Laurence Brockliss, Michael Moss, Kathryn Retford, John Stevenson
Supplying the 1st ever statistical examine of a pro cohort within the period of the commercial revolution, this prosopographical examine of a few 450 surgeons who joined the military scientific carrier through the progressive and Napoleonic wars, charts the historical past, schooling, army and civilian occupation, marriage, sons' occupations, wealth at demise, and broader social and cultural pursuits of the participants of the cohort. It finds the position which may be performed by way of the nascent professions during this interval in selling swift social mobility. the gang of clinical practitioners chosen for this research didn't come from prosperous or specialist households yet profited from their years within the military to accumulate an exceptional and infrequently incredible fortune, marry into the professions, and position their sons in expert careers. The learn contributes to our knowing of Britishness within the interval, because the majority of the cohort got here from small-town and rural Scotland and eire yet seldom came across their other halves within the local nation and regularly settled in London and different English towns, the place they typically turned pillars of the neighborhood.
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Extra info for Advancing with the Army: Medicine, the Professions and Social Mobility in the British Isles 1790-1850
London, 1808), 13–18. Kennedy (not in the database; see Drew no. 656) was one of the most distinguished doctors in the service at the outbreak of the war: he had been the physician serving with Albermarle at the siege of Havanna in 1762. ²⁵ Why the secretary at war took this decision is impossible to say. ²⁶ The consequence, though, was to create rather than reduce administrative confusion, since the surgeon- general and the inspector of hospitals were given overlapping roles. With regard to appointments a crude division of labour was set up which broadly followed eighteenth-century practice: the physician-general recommended staff physicians, and the surgeon-general staff and regimental surgeons and their assistants (from 1794 no longer called mates), while the inspector of hospitals nominated ancillary hospital personnel—the surgeons’ mates, apothecaries (who looked after the medicines), and purveyors (who looked after the stores and equipment)—at the surgeon-general’s behest.
Dean, The Royal Hospital Chelsea (London, 1950); Les Invalides: trois siècles d’histoire (Paris, 1974). Chelsea’s establishment was preceded by the foundation in Dublin of the Royal Hospital, Kilmainham, built in 1680–4 to house Irish veterans and later extended to provide general medical facilities for the army in Ireland. Army Medical Service 23 regimental surgeons had to be approved by the surgeon-general, but the position was in the gift of the colonel and often openly bought and sold, although an attempt was made to put a stop to the practice in 1783.
In time of conﬂict, therefore, there was always a dramatic expansion in the number of medical staff ofﬁcers, but throughout the eighteenth century—in peace or war—the lynchpin of the army medical service remained, as it had been in Cromwell’s day, the regimental surgeon and his mate (the latter from the War of Spanish Succession of 1702 to 1713 attached to cavalry regiments, too, where he often doubled as a veterinarian). Whatever had been the case in the mid-seventeenth century, the regimental medical team was largely out of the control of the three general medical ofﬁcers.