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By Mirela Bogdani

Whilst will Albania subscribe to the european? Will accession support Albania to accomplish prosperity, balance and prosperity? What elements are supporting it in the direction of this finish and what components are retaining it again? An unique examine of Albania and its kinfolk with the european, this is often the 1st e-book to spot and examine the issues of the rustic because it strikes in the direction of club of the Union. It explores the political, financial and social variations had to make Albanian club attainable. The authors spotlight the big democratic adjustments that experience happened in post-communist Albania in addition to the numerous hindrances that also stay. This balanced and aim overview can be a necessary source for everybody attracted to the background and way forward for the Balkans and the ecu.

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Extra info for Albania and the European Union: The Tumultuous Journey Towards Integration and Accession

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Zenit News Agency, 2005). Albanian history can reach back to the period before the Ottoman conquest and Islamization, to when it shared this common Greco-Roman and Christian culture with Western Europe and which gave birth to the values to which Pope Benedict XVI is referring. It is significant that the first significant literary work written in the Albanian language was written by a Catholic bishop, the namesake of one of the authors, Pjetër Bogdani (1630-1689)20. Despite its long detachment from Western Europe, Albanians now wish to recover what they regard as this ‘lost’ European identity, and most importantly to rejoin Europe and to be part of it, not just geographically, but as part of the political and economic union.

But what about Albania? First of all, is it really a Muslim country? Officially, the answer is that is majority Muslim, and with BosniaHerzegovina, has one of the two largest and oldest Muslim communities in Europe. However, the official figures for Albania are not accurate as they are based on an out-dated poll conducted in 1929, according to which 70 per cent of the population were Muslim, 20 per cent Greek Orthodox and 10 per cent Roman Catholic. Even if these figures are accurate, the absolute number of Muslims in Albania is quite small, since the total population of the country is only 3 million.

Albanians, like the other peoples in Eastern Europe were nearly all very happy at the collapse of communism, enthusiastic about the regime change, and full of hopes for the near future of the country. At the same time, in the other part of the continent, Western Europe, there was a high tide of optimism about the removal of the world threat of communism and the likelihood of the political unification of Europe. The second phase, is the ‘disillusionment’ which results from a decline in living standards for a large part of the population and from high unemployment, which usually accompanied the transition.

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