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By Ralph H. Vigil

Alonso De Zorita: Royal pass judgement on And Christian Humanist 1512-1585, by means of Vigil, Ralph H.

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Extra resources for Alonso de Zorita: royal judge and Christian humanist, 1512-1585

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Military leaders, whether in life or literature, admired the virtues of bravery, fortitude, tenacity, and loyalty; they viewed men who won wealth by other than force of arms as lesser men. 6 In contrast, the Spanish bourgeoisie had no distinctive class ideology, and many aspired to become nobles. Those who grew rich by trade often hastened to buy landownership of an estate being an essential characteristic of noble status. Others saw in the king's service a direct path to nobility. 7 The essentially aristocratic idea of hidalguía, containing the virtues of honor, courage, and the lust for glory, pervaded sixteenth-century Spanish society.

87 However, their work in this sphere of government also had its roots in the medieval past. 90 Before the Catholic Kings, the great representatives of absolutism opposed to the progressive fragmentation of the law were Saint Ferdinand III (1199-1252), Alfonso X the Learned (1221-84), and Alfonso XI (1311-50), all three of whom desired better and more uniform law. The influence of the canon law and Roman law is most evident in Alfonso X's Libro de las Leyes, which, from its division into seven parts, came to be known as Las Siete Partidas.

Jurados or fieles took their name from the oath to defend the interests of the community and were elected each year by the members of the municipal assembly (concejo). Generally, two jurados were elected from each precinct, or district, of the city. They met periodically in an assembly, or cabildo, for the determination of local affairs. 34 It is possible that Zorita's father may have been a university graduate, but in any case he clearly knew something about city government and bureaucratic matters.

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