By Michael A. Krysko
Interwar period efforts to extend US radio into China floundered within the face of improper US regulations and methods. located on the intersection of media reports, expertise stories, and US overseas family members, this learn frames the ill-fated radio tasks as symptomatic of an more and more afflicted US-East Asian dating prior to the Pacific warfare.
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Additional resources for American Radio in China: International Encounters with Technology and Communications, 1919–41
28 Surprisingly, only days following this acrid exchange, Federal and the Chinese authorities broke the impasse that plagued the financial negotiations. 29 This development should have silenced the view that the new regime in Beijing was intractably pro-Japanese. Yet Minister Jacob Schurman interpreted the September 1921 agreement differently. “[H]ad it not been for the extremely firm stand taken by the American Government and its allusion to the whole Open Door policy in this connection ... ”30 Schurman’s interpretation reflected a conviction popular in diplomatic circles that a firm hand must be taken in negotiating with the Chinese, who were liable to corruption and moral weakness.
37 Griggs’ concerns about China proved prophetic. The Chinese government dissolved into warlord battles by the time Schwerin arrived in November 1922. ” A reputedly pro-American administration that took control in February 1923 did not briskly move the project forward as hoped. “I have practically had but three months to work in and with a cabinet that was entirely unfamiliar with the Federal contract,” Schwerin lamented in June 1923, more than half a year into his stay in China. 38 At this vulnerable juncture, Japan made it clear that regardless of the Washington Conference agreements, it did not intend to allow Federal to go forward.
33 Fortunately for Schwerin, in the summer of 1922 RCA decided to partner with Federal in a joint venture. To RCA, the risks appeared manageable. 34 Moreover, Federal’s contract and the subsequent bond agreement appeared legally sound. 35 From RCA’s perspective, Chinese instability posed the biggest risk. China’s persistently turbulent domestic situation had flared up once again in 1922, and Griggs wondered what would happen to the contracts if the current regime fell. What if, Griggs speculated, the latest insurrection left the contracts at the mercy provincial governments not beholden to international obligations?