Download Analyzing Crime Patterns: Frontiers of Practice by Victor Goldsmith, Philip G. McGuire, John H. Mollenkopf, PDF

By Victor Goldsmith, Philip G. McGuire, John H. Mollenkopf, Timothy A. Ross

This quantity exhibits how state of the art geographic info structures (GIS), used to reveal styles of crime to stimulate powerful ideas and decision-making, are revolutionizing city legislations enforcement. The individuals current specialist info for figuring out and effectively applying the most recent applied sciences during this box.

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Additional resources for Analyzing Crime Patterns: Frontiers of Practice

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Surprisingly, age of victim, level The Spatial Analysis of Crime ££| of urbanization, and structural density accounted for the most variation in crime rates, whereas racial composition and poverty, two of the most widely studied vari­ ables in the literature, had the smallest effects. Sampson also assessed the inter­ action effects of these variables on crime to better understand the complexity of the relationship between macrolevel information and crime. He found that in highly urban areas poverty has a greater effect on theft than in suburban or rural areas; poverty exacerbates the effects of structural density on theft (the effect of multiple unit structures on crime is greater in poor areas), and urbanization interacts with structural density to predict rates of violent crime (structural density has less effect on violent crime rates in urban areas).

The existence of nonresidential property (such as schools and stores), wide streets, and low visi­ bility from building interiors to the street significantly increased rates of perceived crime problems. High residential mobility, large block populations, wide streets, nonresidential property, more crime prevention signs, and high rates of reported social control significantly increased rates of official FBI Part I crime complaints. DISCUSSION Both macrolevel and microlevel studies discussed in this chapter provide re­ searchers and police officials with valuable information on the spatial distribution of criminal activity.

Fear is the corollary of threat, and both generally decay with distance. Although many people identify inner-city environments as more fear-ridden compared to their suburban counterparts, there are peaks and val­ leys of fear in the inner city that correspond to hot spots of violence. By bounding and blurring hot spots, a "fear district" can be demarcated. Fear is not usually accorded the attention it deserves. Fear not only affects the mental health of its victims but also provokes behavioral changes that can have devastating consequences for the community.

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