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By Paul C. Winther

Anglo-European technology and the Rhetoric of Empire offers the recorded evidence of allegedly scientific use of opium in colonial India and British exam and supreme popularity of this custom. putting the opium controversy in its extensive context, the ebook sheds mild on British diplomatic equipment for prolonging colonial rule.

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Extra info for Anglo-European Science and the Rhetoric of Empire; Malaria, Opium, and British Rule in India, 1756-1895

Sample text

In other words, the consequences of morphine upon human physiology and psychology were far more dramatic. And as the decades passed, the acclaim given to narcotine continued to wane. Researchers extracted hitherto unknown alkaloids from Magendie’s crystals. 21There was even a possibility that narcotine did nothing at all, or, at best, that it contributed very little to what had been observed or hypothesized. The reevaluation began in 1844. A chemist by the name of Blyth claimed success in calculating a chemical formula for the alkaloid.

The omission is unimportant because other documents and commentary support the trend illustrated by his data (GBS [Watt] 1891:72). 6 percent). Each percentage is rounded off to the nearest tenth. 10. Thomas D. Reins describes the native states’ position when the Government of India agreed to phase out its opium exports over a period of ten years, commencing in 1907. He declares that the “decline of the China trade endangered many of the princely economies. 4 million rupees from opium, but some of the smaller states, such as Partabgarh with 21 percent of its revenue from opium, were in the most difficulty” (1991:537).

The alkaloids were distributed for only a few decades. 26 Chapter 1 Quinine was the alkaloid that Anglo-European physicians and lay people wanted. But great demand and scarcity meant exorbitant prices for the substance. Few people could afford to buy it. Slightly less than forty years after Pelletier and Caventou, several western nations attempted to ensure an ample supply of quinine and its sister alkaloids. They planted varieties of the cinchona tree in locales under their control. With one exception, these efforts failed during the nineteenth century.

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