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By Thomas R. Trautmann

This compelling and punctiliously researched reassessment of colonial ethnology, British Orientalism and the Aryan inspiration, demanding situations many ideologies in regards to the identification and ancient origins of Indians that are trendy at the present time.

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It was soon after introduced into Madras and Bombay, and the Grand Lodge of Hindustan was finally established with independent powers in 1875. 2011 18:58:14] cover country has been very surprising, and the natives have vied with the English and Scottish residents in spreading it abroad. At some future time, there can be little doubt that India will repay the mother country for the care shown in sowing the seeds of the Craft, the peculiar idiosyncracies of the inhabitants being of a kind calculated to foster Masonic impressions, and the great attention which the last half century, in the person of its scholars, has paid to ancient Indian literature, will afford great and enduring satisfaction to archaeologists and students of symbolism.

Jones embraces the Newton-Bryant theory of the unity of ancient astronomy and paganism, and like Bryant he puts all the civilized nations of antiquity in the same descent line from Noahthat of Ham. For Jones, Hinduism was the living cousin of the religion of the other Hamians, more especially of the ancient Greek and Roman texts. Thus, besides supporting the Bible, Hinduism had this second source of fascination. We see this idea worked out at length in an early essay, "On the gods of Greece, Italy, and India" (1807, 3:319-397; written in 1784), in which he develops a series of parallels among Greco-Roman gods and Hindu ones.

The original human pair was gifted by God with sufficient wisdom and strength to be virtuous and happy, but entrusted with freedom of will to be vicious and degraded. As the population grew, humans dispersed from the place of origin, and forgetting by degrees the language of their progenitor, they formed new dialects to convey new ideas simple and complex. Laws and governments were formed. 5. The three branches of the human family migrated from a central country; call this country Iran. We then have straight lines of outmigration, which do not intersect as they would if the center were placed in Arabia, Egypt, India, Tartary, or China.

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