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By Robert I. Rotberg

In the wake of the Taliban nightmare, Afghanistan needs to take on critical difficulties prior to it may grow to be a convinced, self sufficient state. safety during this battered nation keeps to go to pot; suicide bombings, convoy ambushes, and rebel assaults are all too universal. potent kingdom development will rely on casting off the nationwide protection predicament and adorning the rule of thumb of legislation. This publication deals a blueprint for relocating the embattled state towards higher democracy and prosperity. Robert Rotberg and his colleagues argue that the long run luck of kingdom development in Afghanistan depends upon lessening its dependence on opium and embellishing its monetary prestige. lots of Afghanistan's defense difficulties are relating to poppy becoming, opium and heroin creation, and drug trafficking. development a brand new Afghanistan indicates arguable new possible choices to instant eradication, that is silly and counter-productive. those strategies contain financial incentives for turning out to be wheat, a plausible neighborhood crop. higher wheat construction could feed hungry Afghans whereas lowering narco-trafficking and the fear that incorporates it. Integrating this land-locked kingdom into the primary Asia or better Eurasia economic climate could open up buying and selling partnerships with its northern and western associates in addition to with Pakistan, India, and doubtless China. constructing a feeling of universal function between electorate would receive advantages the economic system and will support to unite the state. maybe most crucial, bolstering higher governance in Afghanistan is critical with a purpose to do away with chaos and corruption and enact national reforms. clean and insightful, construction a brand new Afghanistan indicates what the country's management and the overseas group should still do to unravel harmful matters and bolster a nonetheless fragile country. members comprise Cindy Fazey (University of Liverpool), Ali Jalali (former minister of the inner, Afghanistan, and nationwide safeguard University), Hekmat Karzai (Centre for clash and Peace reports, Afghanistan, and Institute of safety and Strategic stories, Singapore), Alistair J. McKechnie (World financial institution nation Director for Afghanistan), Paula Newburg (Skidmore College), and S. Frederick Starr (Central Asia-Caucasus Institute and faculty of complex foreign stories, Johns Hopkins University).

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One reason was that the political benchmarks set by the Bonn agreement were not fully sequenced with other development programs and building capacities. The Afghan government met the deadlines set for the establishment of democratic political institutions such as adopting an enlightened constitution (January 2004), holding a successful presidential election (October 2004), and parliamentary elections (September 2005). But the central government’s limited administrative capacity and insufficient investment in service delivery institutions hindered the functionality of the state.

Reconstruction under the Bonn Process The challenge of rebuilding post-Taliban Afghanistan has been immense and multifaceted. It has required the creation of a broad-based national government, the establishment of security throughout the country, and the reconstruction of a war-devastated economy. These efforts had to be coordinated, directed by a unified strategy, and supported by the international community. Moreover, the process was influenced from the outset by the legacy of the protracted war in Afghanistan, the way the Taliban regime was overthrown, and competing internal and external interests.

20. See chapter 2. 21. See chapter 4. 22. , for comments on lapses in these areas. 23. See chapter 3 in this volume. 24. David Rohde, “Afghan Symbol for Change Becomes a Symbol of Failure,” New York Times (September 5, 2006). S. S. Report Finds Dismal Training of Afghan Police,” New York Times (December 4, 2006). S. contractors and “dysfunctional” efforts by the Afghan ministry of the interior for policing inadequacies. Corruption was another factor. Lt. Gen. S. forces in Afghanistan, said that “corrupt police .

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