By Stephen Jacobson
Supplying a window into the historical past of the trendy criminal occupation in Western Europe, Stephen Jacobson provides a heritage of attorneys within the such a lot industrialized urban at the Mediterranean. faraway from being mere curators of static legislations, Barcelona's attorneys have been on the middle of social clash and political and monetary swap, mediating among kingdom, family members, and society.Beginning with the resurrection of a decadent bar through the Enlightenment, Jacobson strains the historic evolution of attorneys in the course of the lengthy 19th century. one of the matters he explores are the attributes of the trendy criminal occupation, how attorneys engaged with the Enlightenment, how they molded occasions within the Age of Revolution and helped consolidate a liberal constitutional order, why a liberal occupation grew to become conservative and corporatist, and the way legal professionals promoted fin-de-siÃ¨cle nationalism.From the vantage element of a urban with a unusual criminal tradition,Catalonia's Advocates offers clean perception into eu social and felony heritage; the origins of liberal professionalism; the schooling, education, and perform of legislation within the 19th century; the growth of continental bureaucracies; and the corporatist elements of contemporary nationalism.
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Additional info for Catalonia's Advocates: Lawyers, Society, and Politics in Barcelona, 1759-1900 (Studies in Legal History)
Few would qualify as “poor” by today’s standards. When the authors of the Representation complained that many practitioners were “poor,” they did not mean genuinely indigent. Rather, they referred to persons without personal The Modern Profession S 37 fortunes whose success and status were dependent on the fruits of their labors — in other words, the practice of law. According to an urban guidebook for 1787, the majority of lawyers lived in the physical center of the city, a close walking distance to the Plaça Sant Jaume where the Audiencia Palace was located.
Capital investment followed tight, personal, and often interfamilial networks between country and city, which stymied the development of a mature banking system able to assume risks needed to branch out into diverse businesses. Many pioneering midcentury banks descended into sluggishness and bankruptcy during the worldwide economic crisis of the 1860s. Others appeared in their wake, but by the mid-1880s, Catalan banks entered a gradual phase of contraction, outpaced by larger institutions centered in Madrid and Bilbao, the latter the steel capital of Spain.
6 The reasons for this were not uniform and need to be studied on a case-by-case basis, but with respect to Catalonia, and other places on the continent, absolutism was the cause. Bureaucratic bodies increasingly made law, resolved conflicts, and mediated disputes in lieu of courts. 7 Yet, amid falling rates of litigation and an attendant decline in status, Catalan lawyers reorganized, adjusted their practices to changing circumstances, and opened new frontiers. In Barcelona, a statistical perspective of this “decline and rise” can be gained by measuring the number of lawyers per inhabitant.