Download Radio-Frequency Integrated-Circuit Engineering by Cam Nguyen PDF

By Cam Nguyen

Radio-Frequency Integrated-Circuit Engineering addresses the idea, research and layout of passive and lively RFIC's utilizing Si-based CMOS and Bi-CMOS applied sciences, and different non-silicon established applied sciences. The fabrics coated are self-contained and offered in such element that enables readers with basically undergraduate electric engineering wisdom in EM, RF, and circuits to appreciate and layout RFICs. prepared into 16 chapters, mixing analog and microwave engineering, Radio-Frequency Integrated-Circuit Engineering emphasizes the microwave engineering procedure for RFICs.

Provides crucial wisdom in EM and microwave engineering, passive and lively RFICs, RFIC research and layout recommendations, and RF platforms very important for RFIC scholars and engineers
Blends analog and microwave engineering methods for RFIC layout at excessive frequencies
Includes difficulties on the finish of every chapter
Table of contents :
PREFACE xvii

1 creation 1
Problems 5
2 basics OF ELECTROMAGNETICS 6
2.1 EM box Parameters 6
2.2 Maxwell’s Equations 7
2.3 Auxiliary family members 8
2.3.1 Constitutive kinfolk 8
2.3.2 present kinfolk 9
2.4 Sinusoidal Time-Varying regular nation 9
2.5 Boundary stipulations 10
2.5.1 common Boundary stipulations 11
2.5.2 particular Boundary stipulations 11
2.6 Wave Equations 12
2.7 strength 13
2.8 Loss and Propagation consistent in Medium 14
2.9 dermis intensity 16
2.10 floor Impedance 17
Problems 19
3 LUMPED parts 20
3.1 basics of Lumped parts 20
3.1.1 uncomplicated Equations 23
3.2 caliber issue of Lumped parts 28
3.3 Modeling of Lumped components 30
3.4 Inductors 32
3.4.1 Inductor Configurations 32
3.4.2 Loss in Inductors 36
3.4.3 Equivalent-Circuit types of Inductors 39
3.4.4 Resonance in Inductors 45
3.4.5 caliber issue of Inductors 46
3.4.6 excessive Q Inductor layout concerns 51
3.5 Lumped-Element Capacitors 60
3.5.1 Capacitor Configurations 60
3.5.2 Equivalent-Circuit types of Capacitors 63
3.5.3 Resonance 68
3.5.4 caliber issue 69
3.5.5 excessive Q Capacitor layout concerns 71
3.6 Lumped-Element Resistors 72
3.6.1 Resistor Configurations 72
3.6.2 uncomplicated Resistor Equations 72
3.6.3 Equivalent-Circuit types of Resistors 75
References 75
Problems 76
4 TRANSMISSION traces 85
4.1 necessities of Transmission traces 85
4.2 Transmission-Line Equations 86
4.2.1 common Transmission-Line Equations 86
4.2.2 Sinusoidal Steady-State Transmission-Line Equations 91
4.3 Transmission-Line Parameters 93
4.3.1 common Transmission strains 93
4.3.2 Lossless Transmission traces 96
4.3.3 Low Loss Transmission traces 96
4.4 Per-Unit-Length Parameters R,L,C, and G 97
4.4.1 basic formula 97
4.4.2 formula for easy Transmission strains 104
4.5 Dielectric and Conductor Losses in Transmission traces 107
4.5.1 Dielectric Attenuation consistent 108
4.5.2 Conductor Attenuation consistent 109
4.6 Dispersion and Distortion in Transmission traces 111
4.6.1 Dispersion 111
4.6.2 Distortion 111
4.6.3 Distortion-Less Transmission traces 113
4.7 staff pace 115
4.8 Impedance, mirrored image Coefficients, and Standing-Wave Ratios 117
4.8.1 Impedance 117
4.8.2 mirrored image Coefficients 119
4.8.3 Standing-Wave Ratio 120
4.8.4 excellent fit and overall mirrored image 122
4.8.5 Lossless Transmission strains 123
4.9 man made Transmission traces 126
4.10 Tem and Quasi-Tem Transmission-Line Parameters 128
4.10.1 Static or Quasi-Static research 129
4.10.2 Dynamic research 130
4.11 Printed-Circuit Transmission traces 132
4.11.1 Microstrip Line 133
4.11.2 CoplanarWaveguide 135
4.11.3 Coplanar Strips 138
4.11.4 Strip Line 139
4.11.5 Slot Line 141
4.11.6 box Distributions 142
4.12 Transmission traces in RFICs 144
4.12.1 Microstrip Line 145
4.12.2 CoplanarWaveguide 146
4.12.3 Coplanar Strips 149
4.12.4 Strip Line 149
4.12.5 Slot Line 150
4.12.6 Transitions and Junctions among Transmission traces 150
4.13 Multi-Conductor Transmission strains 152
4.13.1 Transmission-Line Equations 152
4.13.2 Propagation Modes 156
4.13.3 attribute Impedance and Admittance Matrix 157
4.13.4 Mode attribute Impedances and Admittances 159
4.13.5 Impedance and Admittance Matrix 161
4.13.6 Lossless Multiconductor Transmission traces 163
References 173
Problems 174
Appendix four: Transmission-Line Equations Derived From Maxwell’s Equations 182
5 RESONATORS 186
5.1 basics of Resonators 186
5.1.1 Parallel Resonators 187
5.1.2 sequence Resonators 188
5.2 caliber issue 189
5.2.1 Parallel Resonators 190
5.2.2 sequence Resonators 193
5.2.3 Unloaded caliber issue 195
5.2.4 Loaded caliber issue 195
5.2.5 assessment of and Relation among Unloaded and Loaded caliber components 198
5.3 dispensed Resonators 205
5.3.1 Quality-Factor features 206
5.3.2 Transmission-Line Resonators 207
5.3.3 Waveguide hollow space Resonators 216
5.4 Resonator’s Slope Parameters 231
5.5 Transformation of Resonators 231
5.5.1 Impedance and Admittance Inverters 231
5.5.2 Examples of Resonator Transformation 236
References 237
Problems 238
6 IMPEDANCE MATCHING 244
6.1 simple Impedance Matching 244
6.1.1 Smith Chart 244
6.2 layout of Impedance-Matching Networks 248
6.2.1 Impedance-Matching community Topologies 249
6.2.2 Impedance Transformation via sequence and Shunt Inductor and Capacitor 249
6.2.3 Examples of Impedance-Matching community layout 252
6.2.4 Transmission-Line Impedance-Matching Networks 255
6.3 Kuroda Identities 262
References 266
Problems 266
7 SCATTERING PARAMETERS 271
7.1 Multiport Networks 271
7.2 Impedance Matrix 273
7.3 Admittance Matrix 274
7.4 Impedance and Admittance Matrix in RF Circuit research 274
7.4.1 T-Network illustration of Two-Port RF Circuits 275
7.4.2 π-Network illustration of Two-Port RF Circuits 278
7.5 Scattering Matrix 279
7.5.1 basics of Scattering Matrix 279
7.5.2 Examples for Scattering Parameters 287
7.5.3 impression of Reference-Plane switch on Scattering Matrix 288
7.5.4 go back Loss, Insertion Loss, and achieve 290
7.6 Chain Matrix 293
7.7 Scattering Transmission Matrix 294
7.8 Conversion among Two-Port Parameters 295
7.8.1 Conversion from [Z] to [ABCD] 295
References 298
Problems 298
8 RF PASSIVE parts 304
8.1 features of Multiport RF Passive parts 304
8.1.1 features of Three-Port elements 304
8.1.2 features of Four-Port parts 309
8.2 Directional Couplers 311
8.2.1 basics of Directional Couplers 311
8.2.2 Parallel-Coupled Directional Couplers 313
8.3 Hybrids 326
8.3.1 Hybrid T 326
8.3.2 Ring Hybrid 328
8.3.3 Branch-Line Coupler 335
8.4 strength Dividers 339
8.4.1 Even-Mode research 340
8.4.2 Odd-Mode research 342
8.4.3 Superimposition of Even and unusual Modes 343
8.5 Filters 345
8.5.1 Low move filter out 345
8.5.2 excessive go clear out layout 357
8.5.3 Band-Pass clear out layout 359
8.5.4 Band-Stop clear out layout 361
8.5.5 clear out layout utilizing Impedance and Admittance Inverters 364
References 371
Problems 372
9 basics OF CMOS TRANSISTORS FOR RFIC layout 379
9.1 MOSFET fundamentals 379
9.1.1 MOSFET constitution 379
9.1.2 MOSFET Operation 382
9.2 MOSFET versions 386
9.2.1 Physics-Based versions 387
9.2.2 Empirical types 387
9.2.3 SPICE versions 402
9.2.4 Passive MOSFET versions 404
9.3 very important MOSFET Frquencies 407
9.3.1 feet 408
9.3.2 fmax 408
9.4 different vital MOSFET Parameters 409
9.5 Varactor Diodes 409
9.5.1 Varactor constitution and Operation 409
9.5.2 Varactor version and features 410
References 412
Problems 412
10 balance 418
10.1 basics of balance 418
10.2 choice of good and volatile areas 421
10.3 balance attention for N-Port Circuits 427
References 427
Problems 428
11 AMPLIFIERS 430
11.1 basics of Amplifier layout 430
11.1.1 energy achieve 430
11.1.2 achieve layout 433
11.2 Low Noise Amplifiers 443
11.2.1 Noise determine basics 443
11.2.2 MOSFET Noise Parameters 446
11.2.3 Noise determine of Multistage Amplifiers 447
11.2.4 Noise-Figure layout 448
11.2.5 layout for achieve and Noise determine 450
11.3 layout Examples 451
11.3.1 Unilateral Amplifier layout 451
11.3.2 Bilateral Amplifier layout 454
11.4 strength Amplifiers 455
11.4.1 Power-Amplifier Parameters 455
11.4.2 Power-Amplifier kinds 458
11.5 Balanced Amplifiers 470
11.5.1 Differential Amplifiers 470
11.5.2 Ninety-Degree Balanced Amplifiers 485
11.5.3 Push–Pull Amplifiers 487
11.6 Broadband Amplifiers 489
11.6.1 Compensated Matching Networks 489
11.6.2 disbursed Amplifiers 490
11.6.3 suggestions Amplifiers 523
11.6.4 Cascoded Common-Source Amplifiers 540
11.7 present Mirrors 548
11.7.1 uncomplicated present replicate 550
11.7.2 Cascode present reflect 550
References 552
Problems 553
A11.1 basics of sign circulation Graph 563
A11.2 sign movement Graph of Two-Port Networks 563
A11.2.1 Transistor’s sign circulation Graph 563
A11.2.2 enter Matching Network’s sign circulation Graph 564
A11.2.3 Output Matching Network’s sign circulate Graph 565
A11.2.4 sign stream Graph of the Composite Two-Port community 566
A11.3 Derivation of Network’s Parameters utilizing sign move Graphs 566
A11.3.1 Examples of Derivation 567
A11.3.2 Derivation of mirrored image Coefficients and gear achieve 568
References 571
12 OSCILLATORS 572
12.1 precept of Oscillation 572
12.1.1 Oscillation stipulations 573
12.1.2 Oscillation selection 574
12.2 basics of Oscillator layout 575
12.2.1 easy Oscillators 576
12.2.2 suggestions Oscillators 579
12.3 section Noise 587
12.3.1 basics of section Noise 588
12.3.2 section Noise Modeling 593
12.3.3 Low Phase-Noise layout attention 599
12.3.4 results of section Noise on platforms 599
12.3.5 research instance of results of part Noise 601
12.4 Oscillator Circuits 602
12.4.1 Cross-Coupled Oscillators 602
12.4.2 dispensed Oscillators 612
12.4.3 Push-Push Oscillators 617
References 626
Problems 627
13 MIXERS 633
13.1 basics of Mixers 633
13.1.1 blending precept 633
13.1.2 Mixer Parameters 636
13.2 Mixer varieties 641
13.2.1 Single-Ended Mixer 642
13.2.2 Single-Balanced Mixer 642
13.2.3 Double-Balanced Mixer 646
13.2.4 Doubly Double-Balanced Mixer 649
13.3 different Mixers 650
13.3.1 Passive Mixer 650
13.3.2 Image-Reject Mixer 651
13.3.3 Quadrature Mixer 652
13.3.4 dispensed Mixer 652
13.4 Mixer research and layout 656
13.4.1 Switching Mixer primary 656
13.4.2 Single-Ended Mixer 658
13.4.3 Single-Balanced Mixer 661
13.4.4 Double-Balanced Mixer 663
13.4.5 resource Degeneration in Mixer layout 665
13.5 Sampling Mixer 667
13.5.1 basics of Sampling 668
13.5.2 Sampling concept 669
13.5.3 Sampling procedure 670
13.5.4 pattern and carry 673
13.5.5 Sampling swap 678
13.5.6 built-in Sampling Mixer 678
References 689
Problems 690
14 SWITCHES 694
14.1 basics of Switches 694
14.1.1 swap Operation 694
14.1.2 vital Parameters 695
14.2 research of Switching MOSFET 697
14.2.1 research of Shunt Transistor 697
14.2.2 research of sequence Transistor 698
14.2.3 research of mixed sequence and Shunt Transistors 699
14.2.4 choice of MOSFET 699
14.2.5 layout attention for enhanced Insertion Loss and Isolation 701
14.3 SPST Switches 702
14.3.1 SPST change utilizing Parallel MOSFETs 702
14.3.2 SPST change making use of sequence MOSFETs 703
14.3.3 SPST swap utilising sequence and Shunt MOSFETs 703
14.3.4 SPST change utilizing Impedance or Admittance Inverters 703
14.4 SPDT Switches 712
14.4.1 SPDT swap Topologies 712
14.4.2 SPDT swap research 713
14.5 Ultra-Wideband Switches 714
14.5.1 Ultra-Wideband SPST swap 715
14.5.2 Ultra-Wideband T/R swap 721
14.6 Ultra-High-Isolation Switches 727
14.6.1 Ultra-High-Isolation swap structure and research 727
14.6.2 Ultra-High-Isolation SPST change layout 733
14.7 clear out Switches 737
References 739
Problems 739
15 RFIC SIMULATION, structure, AND attempt 747
15.1 RFIC Simulation 748
15.1.1 DC Simulation 749
15.1.2 Small-Signal AC Simulation 749
15.1.3 temporary Simulation 749
15.1.4 Periodic regular kingdom Simulation 749
15.1.5 Harmonic-Balance Simulation 750
15.1.6 Periodic Distortion research 751
15.1.7 Envelope Simulation 751
15.1.8 Periodic Small sign research 751
15.1.9 EM Simulation 751
15.1.10 Statistical and Mismatch Simulation 754
15.2 RFIC structure 754
15.2.1 normal structure concerns 754
15.2.2 Passive and lively part structure 755
15.3 RFIC size 758
15.3.1 On-Wafer size 759
15.3.2 Off-Chip dimension 782
References 784
Problems 784
16 platforms 788
16.1 basics of platforms 788
16.1.1 Friis Transmission Equation 788
16.1.2 procedure Equation 790
16.1.3 Signal-to-Noise Ratio of procedure 791
16.1.4 Receiver Sensitivity 793
16.1.5 procedure functionality issue 794
16.1.6 energy 796
16.1.7 attitude and variety answer 797
16.1.8 diversity Accuracy 800
16.2 process style 801
16.2.1 Pulse process 801
16.2.2 FMCW process 803
16.2.3 Receiver Architectures 808
References 826
Problems 826

APPENDIX: RFIC layout instance: MIXER 830
A1.1 Circuit layout necessities and common layout info 830
A1.2 Mixer layout 830
A1.2.1 Single-Ended to Differential enter energetic Balun 832
A1.2.2 Double-Balanced Gilbert cellphone 832
A1.2.3 Differential to Single-Ended Output energetic Balun 834
A1.2.4 Band-Pass filter out 834
A1.3 Mixer Optimization and structure 835
A1.4 Simulation effects 836
A1.4.1 balance 836
1.4.2 go back Loss 836
A1.4.3 Conversion achieve 836
A1.4.4 Noise determine 837
1.4.5 different Mixer functionality 837
A1.5 Measured effects 838
References 840

INDEX 841

Show description

Read More

Download Women and Journalism by Deborah Chambers PDF

By Deborah Chambers

Women and Journalism bargains a wealthy and entire research of the jobs, prestige and stories of ladies newshounds within the usa and Britain.

Drawing on various resources and working with a number of girls reporters starting from 19th century pioneers to Martha Gellhorn, Kate Adie and Veronica Guerin, the authors examine the demanding situations ladies have confronted of their fight to set up reputations as professionals.

This ebook offers an account of the gendered structuring of journalism in print, radio and tv and speculates approximately women's still-emerging function in on-line journalism. Their accomplishments as conflict correspondents are tracked to the current, together with a learn of the position they performed post-September 11th.

Show description

Read More

Download Pacifica radio: the rise of an alternative network by Matthew Lasar PDF

By Matthew Lasar

Within the public radio panorama, the Pacifica stations stand out as inn0ovators of numerous and arguable broadcasting. Pacifica's fifty years of fight opposed to social and political conformity begun with a bunch of younger women and men who was hoping to alter the area with a credo of non-violence. Pacifica Radio strains the cultural and political currents that formed the 1st listener-supported radio station, KPFA FM in Berkeley, and observed Pacifica's slow enlargement right into a five station community. during this improved paperback version, Lasar offers a postscript (\u0022A drawback of Containment\u0022) that examines the exterior pressures and organizational difficulties in the Pacifica origin that led, in early 1999, to the police shutdown of community station KPFA. Lasar, an admittedly pro-KPFA partisan within the clash, provides a first-person account, calling it \u0022the worst difficulty within the heritage of neighborhood radio.\u0022 but Pacifica Radio is set greater than simply the network's fresh issues. it's the tale of visionary Lewis Hill and the small band of pacifists who in 1946, got down to construct associations that may advertise discussion among participants and international locations. KPFA took to the air in 1949 with stunningly unconventional courses that challenged the dreary cultural consensus of the chilly conflict. nobody within the Bay quarter, or at any place else, had heard something love it at the airwaves. the 1st version of Pacifica Radio, which made the San Francisco Chronicle's non-fiction bestseller record, used to be praised as \u0022fascinating reading\u0022 through In those instances, \u0022Lasar has an eye fixed for paradox, irony and contradiction,\u0022 wrote the Santa Rose Press Democrat, \u0022but he's initially an capable and astute historian.\u0022

Show description

Read More

Download Public Radio and Television in America: A Political History by Ralph Engelman PDF

By Ralph Engelman

The origins and evolution of the key insititutions within the usa for noncommercial radio and tv are explored during this exact volume.

Ralph Engelman examines the politics at the back of the advance of nationwide Public Radio, Radio Pacifica and the general public Broadcasting carrier. He strains the altering social forces that converged to release and form those associations from the second one international battle to the current day. The booklet demanding situations numerous often held ideals - together with that the mass media is just a manipulative instrument - and concludes that public broadcasting has a huge strength as an emancipatory motor vehicle.

Show description

Read More

Download The Beginner's Handbook of Amateur Radio by Clay Laster PDF

By Clay Laster

Crucial A-to-Z Ham Radio consultant
The revised variation of the main depended on consultant in ham radio is the following simply in time that can assist you move the recent No-Code Technician classification assessments! utilized by hundreds of thousands of ham operators to establish their first shortwave transmitters and to get their licenses, Clay Laster's Beginner's guide of novice Radio, Fourth variation promises all of the suggestions you would like -- from radio and electronics basics had to manage a transmitter to the most recent apparatus to revisions to the Federal Communications fee ideas and assessments. with the intention to converse over the airwaves either in the community and globally and eavesdrop on conversations heard via only a few, take this publication domestic, and it'll take you into the world of conversation, new acquaintances, sturdy instances, and technical mastery past your goals.
You get:
comprehensible guide in wave propagation, strength offers, and digital circuits
whole examine consultant for buying your beginner Operator or No-Code Technician category licenses
research tricks for getting ready for FCC assessments
Shortwave operator's do's-and-don't's, practices and systems
Appendix filled with 250 pattern exam questions and solutions

Show description

Read More

Download Communications Receivers: DSP, Software Radios, and Design, by Ulrich Rohde, Jerry Whitaker PDF

By Ulrich Rohde, Jerry Whitaker

The most recent in DSP, mobile, and software program radio layout From reception fundamentals to state of the art software program radio layout, Communications Receivers, 3rd variation brings you a storehouse of task-simplifying and task-clarifying info, examples, and suggestions. Written by means of famous specialists Ulrich Rohde, Jerry Whitaker, and Andrew Bateman, this advisor covers every thing from entrance finish structures to frequency turbines and controllers. themes are completely illuminated for you with countless numbers of illustrations, diagrams, and mathematical equations. You’ll research the rules and practices serious about receivers and receiver platforms, antennas and antenna coupling, amplifiers and achieve keep watch over, mixers, frequency, oscillators, demodulation and demodulators, electronic sign processing, and masses extra. realize for your self why this source has been prized via versions by means of pros and hobbyists for its ready-to-use insights at the conception and layout of all kinds of communications receivers -- together with shortwave, army, broadcast, and direction-finding. This newly revised version gains: Advances in DSP, mobile, and software program radio layout info on designing, working, specifying, fitting, and retaining all types of receiver in universal use particular layout methods, circuit examples, and part specifications support with microprocessors and good judgment units insurance of vital pulse and information working modes greater than 250 illustrations and diagrams convenient reference fabric in tables, charts, and figures extra!

Show description

Read More