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By Bent Greve

Content material:
Chapter 1 Can selection in Welfare States Be Equitable? (pages 5–18): Bent Greve
Chapter 2 the opposite Le Grand? comparing the ‘Other Invisible Hand’ in Welfare companies in England (pages 19–32): Ian Greener and Martin Powell
Chapter three go out, Voice and caliber within the English schooling quarter (pages 33–45): Deborah Wilson
Chapter four while ‘Choice’ and ‘Choice’ should not an analogous: Institutional Frameworks of selection within the German Welfare procedure (pages 46–61): Florian Blank
Chapter five making a choice on Welfare or wasting Social Citizenship? voters' unfastened selection in fresh Italian Welfare country Reforms (pages 62–76): Paolo R. Graziano
Chapter 6 The ‘Consumer precept’ within the Care of aged humans: unfastened selection and real selection within the German Welfare nation (pages 77–93): Melanie Eichler and Birgit Pfau?Effinger
Chapter 7 A Comparative dialogue of the Gendered Implications of Cash?for?Care Schemes: Markets, Independence and Social Citizenship in predicament? (pages 94–108): Kirstein Rummery
Chapter eight demanding cohesion? An research of go out ideas in Social guidelines (pages 109–124): Menno Fenger
Chapter nine Freedom of selection in the course of the promoting of Gender Equality (pages 125–138): Steven Saxonberg

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Secretary of State for Health 2000). However, no matter how consumerist the public’s orientation in other areas of their life, when it comes to 30 The Other Le Grand? health care, as a whole they seem remarkably unwilling to act upon information that is available to them. We are all growing more obese and apparently engaging in more unhealthy activities in other aspects of our life, such as drinking and drug-taking, despite the mass of evidence saying how bad for us all this is. Le Grand has intervened in public health areas himself, calling for more incentives to be put in place for people to adopt healthier lifestyles, but the fact that this is necessary suggests that the public still do not put a premium on health information, and that if they are unwilling or unable to respond appropriately to public health information, there is little evidence to suggest that they will respond appropriately to information about health choices between local care providers.

Finally, Le Grand suggests that tariffs might be weighted in terms of severity of condition (which is already happening, but gives hospitals the incentive to grade patients at the maximum severity, and for purchasers of care instead to claim they are at the minimum), and even that tariffs might be weighted according to a deprivation index so that those living in poorer areas attract higher resources. Le Grand concludes that ‘choice-and-competition systems can achieve the ends of health-care policy.

The relevant scenario is still one of regulated prices, but now with horizontal product differentiation (‘product variety’). In a recent review of this area, however, Gaynor (2006) does not consider this scenario. He focuses solely on vertical product differentiation because ‘it is well known that firms will pursue minimal product variety in the absence of price competition’ (2006: 9). This result comes originally from Hotelling (1929), who 39 Deborah Wilson showed that, under certain conditions, it is rational for firms to make their products as similar as possible.

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