Download Citizen participation in science policy by James C. Petersen PDF

By James C. Petersen

The 1st book-length research of citizen participation within the formula of medical and technical coverage. Twelve essays and case reviews study vital examples of citizen activism, position them in the context of bigger participatory pursuits, discover the diversity of varieties citizen participation may possibly take, and think about new choices for public involvement. detailed consciousness is given to public wellbeing and fitness coverage and nuclear energy improvement. extra participants are: Jayanta Bandyopadhyay, Barry Checkoway, Daryl Chubin, Diana Dutton, Rachelle Hollander, John P. Hunt, Neil H. Katz, Sheldon Krimsky, Jane Kronick, Dorothy Nelkin, Alan Porter, Frederick A. Rossini, Randy Rydell, and Vandana Shiva.

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Those opposing fetal research or the teaching of evolution) feel that science has ethical implications that threaten deeply held personal beliefs. Others worry about the potential misuse of scientific findings: for example, critics of research on recombinant DNA, on the XYY chromosome, and on the relationship between genetics and intelligence question the implications of relating genetically mediated characteristics to human behavior. " Still others are concerned about equity both in the allocation of resources to science and technology and in the distribution of social and environmental costs.

This structural dilemma creates demands for greater public involvement. Page 24 The "Public" and the Participatory Impulse Controversies over science and technology involve a variety of groups concerned with greater influence over the direction and control of science and its applications. As they organize, their concerns are translated into participatory demands. Who is involved? The most obvious "public" concerned about science and technology are those persons who are directly affected by land expropriation, immediate risk, or rapid local economic, environmental, or social change.

Initially a warning is brought to the attention of the public. Such warnings may be issued by individual critics, watchdog groups, agencies involved in risk assessment, whistleblowers, or as a result of tragic events. The second step is reached if a small number of protesters emerge in response to the public warning. These individuals or groups serve as adversaries to the promoters of the technology in question. In many cases, however, public warnings attract little attention and no opponents emerge.

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