Download Citizen Soldiers and the Key to the Bastille by Julia Osman PDF

By Julia Osman

Showcasing French participation within the Seven Years' battle and the yank Revolution, this publication indicates the French military on the center of innovative, social, and cultural swap. Osman argues that efforts to remodel the French military right into a citizen military ahead of 1789 triggered and assisted in shaping the French Revolution.

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28 By attacking the Anglo-American frontier and taking prisoners, Amerindian fighters created an atmosphere of such fear that terrified settlers left the frontier on their own accord rather than risk finding a raiding party in their settlement. Such raids also allowed French forces to attack in more than one place at a time. 29 By frightening settlers, killing them on their farms, making prisoners of their families, and destroying their settlements, Amerindian allies achieved the destruction and intimidation of the settlers without the French officers or soldiers having to sully their national reputations.

In regulating and creating standards for the army that measured personal gloire, the king had also made it possible for members of the nobility with little talent in military duties, but great wealth, to obtain a place, and even senior rank, in the French army. The likelihood of having wealthy if unprepared officers had both positive and negative aspects as armies grew in size and expense. Because officers had to pay for their regiments, wealthy nobles were more likely to obtain rank than their poorer counterparts.

Because the purpose of the noble class for centuries had been to shed blood for the king, officers already based their self-worth on their performance as warriors. 13 High expectations for courage and self-sacrifice further motivated army officers and made nobles further dependent on the monarch to provide wars and opportunities for them to showcase their merits. French nobles intended for the officer corps prepared for these duties from a young age by studying the warfare of ancient Greeks and Romans as well as the histories of their own families.

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