Download CLEANER and NSF's Environmental Observatories by National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life PDF

By National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Water Science and Technology Board, Committee on the Collaborative Large-scale Engineering Analysis Network for Environmental Research (CLEANER)

Degradation of the nation's water assets threatens the wellbeing and fitness of people and the functioning of typical ecosystems. to assist higher comprehend the motives of those adversarial affects and the way they may be extra successfully mitigated, specifically in city and human-stressed aquatic platforms, the nationwide technological know-how starting place (NSF) has proposed the institution of a Collaborative Large-scale Engineering research community for Environmental examine (CLEANER). This software would offer a platform for near-real-time and standard facts assortment and research; enhance realizing and prediction of strategies controlling large-scale environmental and hydrologic platforms; support clarify human-induced affects at the setting; and aid establish more advantageous adaptive administration techniques to mitigate opposed affects of human actions on water and land assets. At NSF's request, the nationwide Academies undertook a evaluation this proposed software. the consequent document recommends that NSF continue with its making plans, implementation, and intra- and interagency coordination actions for this system, as a winning environmental observatory community may well remodel the environmental engineering career and raise its already substantial contributions to society.

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Research Question: How can we find solutions to existing and emerging problems involving contaminants in the environment that affect ecosystems and human health? A number of issues have emerged that involve the fate and transport of contaminants and are of national concern. Some of these issues are in need of innovative engineering research based on data that could be obtained from the observatories. We need research results that can assist managers in dealing with contaminated sediments and contaminants such as pharmaceuticals and household products affecting ecosystems and human health.

Is there a threshold of network alteration after which the behavior of the system is fundamentally different? • How can strategically restoring a wetland in the landscape affect processes? • Can network analysis contribute new insights or approaches that would lead to a better understanding of the movement of water, elements, and organisms in natural and human designed stream networks? Innovative Engineering Approaches for Improving Water Quantity and Quality Management Research Question: How can we improve hydrologic forecasting?

The USDA supports watershed research through the ARS, FS, and Natural Resource Conservation Service. The ARS watershed network is a nested, multiscale network designed to assess the hydrologic impacts of watershed conservation and management practices. The USDA FS supports experimental forest and range research sites. Nine of these sites focus on watershed research. The NSF LTER Network is designed to address long-term research to understand ecological phenomena that occur over long temporal and broad spatial scales.

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