By Ian Dempsey, Karen Nankervis
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Extra info for Community Disability Services: An Evidence-Based Approach to Practice
18 Part 1 • Disability and modern society Recent influences There is not the space here for a detailed discussion of the rich history of how societies have responded to disability. (If you are interested you might like to explore the work of Braddock and Parish (2001) and of the Disability History Museum (Straight Ahead Pictures, 2004)). However, it is important to consider recent trends that have influenced how disability services are provided in many western countries. Several of these trends are introduced below.
Likewise, the closure of the Ely Hospital in Cardiff, Wales, followed evidence of neglect and abuse of people with disabilities (Report of the Committee of Inquiry, 1969). Concern about the rights of people with disabilities in institutions extended to Australia and New Zealand. The Oakley Report in Lifting the silence 33 New Zealand (Gallen, 1983), revealed hospital conditions where basic human rights and dignity were ignored. The role of advocacy in the process was exemplified in Australia with the closure of the Basil Stafford Centre in Brisbane where 122 people with an intellectual disability lived.
Divided understandings: The social experience of disability. In G. L. Albrecht, K. D. Seelman & M. Bury (Eds), Handbook of disability studies (pp. 351–72). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Greenspan, S. & Switzky, H. N. (2003). Execution exemption should be based on actual vulnerability, not disability label. Ethics & Behaviour, 13, 1, 19–26. Henderson, R. & Pochin, M. (2001). A right result? Advocacy, justice and empowerment. Bristol: Policy. Holburn, S. & Vietze, P. M. (2002). Person-centered planning: Research, practice, and future directions.