By Karen L. Taylor
This quantity strives to hide these works mostly present in high-school and undergraduate literature classes. Entries fall into considered one of 4 different types: biographical articles on novelists; plot synopses for chosen novels; literary phrases and genres (e.g., Feminism, Surrealism); and historic occasions (e.g., French Revolution) that encouraged novelists writing in French. the 1st different types account for the overpowering majority of entries. even supposing recognized authors reminiscent of Balzac, Flaubert, and Proust are the following, so, too, are modern novelists comparable to Raphael Confiant, Assia Djebar, and Antonine Maillet, hailing from Martinique, Algeria, and Canada, respectively. Their inclusion demonstrates the hassle taken to hide novelists from the complete of the Francophone international, together with girls and people from postcolonial areas. The plot synopses provide the fundamental plot, characters, and conventional literary interpretations of the unconventional. Novels chosen for a synopsis access are inclined to prefer masterpieces of French literature over extra modern works in addition to novels for which an English translation exists. it may even be famous those synopses are usually way more descriptive of plot and characters than interpretive. the hot Oxford spouse to Literature in French (1995) is definitely a extra complete reference paintings. no longer constrained to novels, it treats poets, playwrights, and greatly extra, together with novelists Jean-Marie Adiaffi and François Nourissier, neither of whom is integrated within the paintings lower than assessment. even though, any comparability of the 2 is essentially unfair. The evidence On dossier significant other to the French Novel by no means got down to be an exhaustive, educational reference resource. The accessibly written entries contain not just these novels scholars are inclined to stumble upon in literature classes but in addition a pleasant collection of various for the extra complicated or adventurous. Libraries serving high-school and undergraduate classes in French literature now have a reference paintings particularly specific to these sessions.
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Extra info for Companion to the French Novel
Barbusse was a precocious child, beginning work as a journalist just out of secondary school. Catulle Mendès, his father-in-law, introduced Barbusse to the works of the symbolists (see SYMBOLISM), an influence on the budding writer, who published his first novel, The Supplicants, in 1903. His second novel, Hell, published in 1908, shocked the public because of its explicit love scenes and its pessimistic, antireligious tone. In 1914, at the age of 41, Barbusse joined the army and was distinguished for his service during World War I.
Upon her death in 1986, Beauvoir was buried alongside Sartre in Paris’s Montparnasse cemetary. FURTHER READING Appignanesi, Lisa. Simone de Beauvoir. Harmondsworth, England: Penguin, 1988. Arp, Kristana. The Bonds of Freedom. Chicago: Open Court Publishing, 2001. Bair, Dierdre. Simone de Beauvoir: A Biography. New York: Summit Books, 1990. Bauer, Nancy. Simone de Beavoir, Philosophy and Feminism. New York: Columbia University Press, 2001. Evans, Mary. Simone de Beauvoir: A Feminist Mandarin. London: Tavistock, 1985.
3. (February, 1996): 394–408. Lathers, Marie. Bodies of Art. French Literary Realism and the Artist’s Model. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2001. BEN JELLOUN, TAHAR (1944– ) Ben Jelloun is a Moroccan writer who moved to Paris in 1971 and began working as a journalist for Le Monde. He studied philosophy at the University of Rabat, Morocco and wrote his first poem, “Dawn of the Flagstones,” after the brutal suppression of demonstrations in Casablanca in 1965. His poetry bears the influence of Paul Verlaine and Arthur Rimbaud.