Download Conflict in Afghanistan: A Historical Encyclopedia (Roots of by Frank A. Clements PDF

By Frank A. Clements

A finished A–Z research of the heritage of clash in Afghanistan from 1747 to the present.

• Over forty illustrations, together with the Buddha statues at Bamyan, Kabul; Afghanistan's tough terrain; Taliban and Mujahideen opponents; and Soviet troops

• particular maps, together with the humanitarian scenario in September 2001, provinces and significant cities, ethnolinguistic teams within the zone, and the border with Pakistan

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Additional resources for Conflict in Afghanistan: A Historical Encyclopedia (Roots of Modern Conflict)

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At the time of the Saur Revolt of April 1978, which brought the Communists to power, the Afghan army comprised infantry divisions, mechanized forces, paratroops, commandos, and artillery brigades and was actively involved in the coup against President Muhammad Daud. The armed forces had a sizable tank force and an air force of some 170 fighter planes and 60 helicopters. In 1979, following the Soviet intervention in Afghanistan, the army became embroiled in the war against the mujahideen guerrilla forces, largely under Soviet direction.

Peshawar, Pakistan: Afghan National Liberation Front. AFGHAN-PAKISTANI RELATIONS Relations between Afghanistan and Pakistan have been determined by the history of the region since the end of the British Empire in India in 1947, which saw the birth of the state of Pakistan, created from the northwest part of British India. Included in this area was the North-West Frontier Province, which had become part of British India under the Durand Agreement of 1893. This border agreement was subsequently repudiated by Afghanistan, as it claimed that the Pashtuns’ area should be part of Afghanistan.

Support has also been forthcoming from the Pakistan army, which, on 16 February 2003, turned over to the Afghan army 500 submachine guns, 180 82-mm mortars, rocket-propelled grenades, and 50,000 rounds of ammunition. The Pakistan army has also offered to train Afghan personnel at bases in Pakistan, but no start date for this program has been determined. References Manuel, Anja, and P. W. Singer. 2002. ” Foreign Affairs 81, no. 4: 44–89. AFGHAN-GERMAN RELATIONS Relations between Afghanistan and Germany date from August 1915, when members of the HentigNiedermayer Expedition first established contact with the rulers of Afghanistan.

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