By Priscilla Roberts
Cuban Missile trouble: the basic Reference consultant captures the old context, the minute-by-minute drama, and the profound repercussions of the "Missiles of October" war of words that introduced the very genuine risk of nuclear assault to the U.S.' doorstep. Coinciding with the fiftieth anniversary of the situation, it takes complete good thing about lately opened Soviet documents in addition to interviews with key Russian, Cuban, and U.S. officers to discover the development because it performed out in Moscow, Havana, Washington, and different destinations round the world.Cuban Missile CrisiS≪/i> includes an introductory essay by means of the writer and alphabetically prepared reference entries contributed via best chilly struggle researchers. The booklet additionally contains an incredibly finished bibliography. jointly, those assets provide readers every thing they should comprehend the escalating tensions that ended in the difficulty in addition to the serious international relations that resolved it, together with new information regarding the back-channel negotiations among Robert Kennedy and Soviet ambassador Anatoly Dobrynin.
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Extra resources for Cuban Missile Crisis: The Essential Reference Guide
For his efforts, Castro was sentenced to 15 years in prison. He received amnesty, was released from jail in 1954, and fled with Fidel to Mexico to organize a second coup against the Cuban government. The Castro brothers, joined by other revolutionaries, trained in Mexico for 18 months and in November 1956 launched another attack, which was foiled by government soldiers. Thirty of the 82 rebels who had sailed in from Mexico escaped into the mountains of the Sierra Maestra. Assisted by Oriente peasants, Fidel and Raúl organized a new army, which succeeded in ousting Batista on January 1, 1959.
The invasion force, trained and armed by the CIA, landed at CubaÊs Bay of Pigs on April 17, 1961. CastroÊs forces quickly routed them, blowing the cover on the operation and greatly embarrassing the Kennedy administration. S. airplanes and naval forces, but Kennedy refused. The Bay of Pigs fiasco effectively ended BissellÊs CIA career, as he was forced to leave the agency in February 1962. He subsequently worked for a think tank and then held positions in a number of private corporations. Bissell died in Farmington, Connecticut, on February 7, 1994.
S. B-26 bombers inflicted damage but failed to destroy the entire Cuban air force. S. S. ambassador Adlai Stevenson publicly stated in the United Nations, defectors from CastroÊs military had flown these missions, Kennedy refused to authorize a scheduled second air strike, which had been expected to eliminate the remaining Cuban airplanes. On April 17, 1961, 1,400 Cuban exiles, known as Brigade 2506, commenced their invasion. Some parachuted in; others used amphibious craft. S. -backed invasion, April 1961 COSTA RICA COLOMBIA PANAMA Bay of Pigs Invasion, 1961 TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO VENEZUELA 0 0 250 250 500 mi 500 km Bay of Pigs Invasion | 19 GUATEMALA DOMINICAN REPUBLIC Guantánamo San Juan Bay HAITI JAMAICA PUERTO RICO 20 | Bay of Pigs Invasion Air attacks by CastroÊs forces slowed the process, destroying one transport carrying vital supplies, and ultimately led the invasion flotilla to put out to sea, while Cuban T-33 fighter jets proved unexpectedly successful in downing the exilesÊ B-26s.