By Nora Hämäläinen
This publication is an research into the descriptive job of ethical philosophy. Nora Hämäläinen explores the problem of offering wealthy and actual photos of the ethical stipulations, values, virtues, and norms below which individuals reside and feature lived, in addition to appropriate wisdom concerning the human animal and human nature. whereas sleek ethical philosophy has targeted its energies on normative and metaethical concept, the duty of describing, uncovering, and inquiring into ethical frameworks and ethical practices has typically been left to social scientists and historians. Nora Hämäläinen argues that this department of labour has hazardous effects for ethical philosophy and reorientation towards descriptive paintings is required in ethical philosophy. She lines assets for a descriptive philosophical ethics within the paintings of 4 widespread philosophers of the 20th century: John Dewey, Ludwig Wittgenstein, Michel Foucault, and Charles Taylor, whereas additionally calling on thinkers encouraged by way of them.
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Extra info for Descriptive Ethics: What does Moral Philosophy Know about Morality?
This could in principle be done by means of moral theory or in some other way: “for now, critical thinking will be treated as an open 4 FOUNDATIONAL PROJECT OF ETHICS AND DIFFERENT WAY OF GOING 31 concept. I am assuming that we could engage in critical thinking using utilitarian theory, to be sure, but also, possibly, by using Kantian, natural law, contract, or any other theory instead. But, in addition, for now I am assuming that any of us could engage in critical thinking without appealing to any theory at all” (2014, p.
This can be done in innumerable ways. Although Anglophone, broadly analytic moral philosophers have in the past few decades become increasingly curious about history, literature, and empirical research, they still have a strong propensity to listen above all to each other. The trajectory of moral philosophy, in the analytic perspective, follows the achievements of 3 MORALITY AS KNOWN BY MORAL PHILOSOPHERS 23 individual philosophers from Plato through Kant to Moore and, say, Anscombe, extended with the achievements of some particularly worthy novelists.
Instead of combining the concerns of analytic ethics with experimental and other empirical methods, I take a step backwards to gain a more perspicuous view. And there, indeed, we have, within twentieth-century philosophy a number of prominent thinkers, whose central concerns have not been the grounds of normative judgments, the (general) meaning of moral language, or the metaphysics of morality, but rather our complex forms of life, of which ethics forms a part. I have thus far sketched out a rough picture of contemporary Anglophone moral philosophy: what it does, what it does not do, its center and peripheries, as well as its main internal contenders.