By Paranjoy Guha Thakurta
This topical and soaking up publication, written by way of eminent reporters, explains why India has entered a brand new period of coalition politics. It analyses the results and implications of this particularly contemporary phenomenon. India has come some distance from the time because the Congress ruled the country's polity. The authors argue that the multi-party constitution of presidency, or a coalition govt, is neither transitority nor an aberration. Coalitions are the following to stick, not less than within the foreseeable destiny. The authors brush off the view that India's polity is basically bipolar, that's, led by means of both of the 2 biggest political events - the Congress or the Bharatiya Janata celebration. they don't accede to the competition that different political events haven't any choice yet to align themselves with both the Congress or the Bharatiya Janata social gathering. carrying on with the research started of their previous paintings, India in a Time of Coalitions: Divided we Stand (Sage, 2004) either authors skilfully piece jointly the complicated jigsaw of Indian politics. The authors aspect to the fragmentation of Indian polity with the increase of caste-based and nearby events and the formation of coalitions on the federal in addition to provincial degrees. This, they are saying, shouldn't be perceived as a damaging characteristic yet as a favorable impression at the operating of the country's democratic buildings. The authors take the view that coalition governments are actually larger built to house the tensions of India's deeply divided and hugely hierarchical society. compared, governments ruled by means of unmarried events are inclined to either centralize and homogenize. one of the concerns the e-book analyzes are " The influence of the April-May 2004 normal elections that observed the dramatic decline of the nationwide Democratic Alliance led by way of the BJP and its alternative by means of a central authority shaped through the United innovative Alliance coalition led by means of the Congress with outdoors aid from 4 left events " a steady revival within the fortunes of the Congress after the occasion had witnessed its conventional supporters - together with the minorities and the deprived teams - deserting it in huge numbers " The unexpected upward push and fall of the BJP from the time it was once virtually burnt up in 1984, the party's faction-ridden personality and its lack of ability to fast come to phrases with its electoral defeat in 2004 " The growing to be value and the altering strategies of the left events, their inner ameliorations and mainstreaming and their impression at the country's fiscal regulations " The the most important query of even if coalitions promises sturdy governments and lower than what conditions " the potential for exchange political formations - led neither through the Congress nor the BJP - coming to strength on the centre " the level to which political coalitions have ended in greater governance, caused a better measure of federalism and decreased the occurrence of corruption " the style within which successive governments have dealt with the hot politics of financial liberalization and globalization including the the most important factor of progress with fairness hard many generally held perspectives relating to India's political procedures, this interesting e-book will pride someone attracted to Indian politics firstly of the twenty first century.
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Additional info for Divided We Stand: India in a Time of Coalitions
Another popular argument is that coalitions can last only if there is one dominant party leading a pack of relatively insignificant partners. Do these theories stand the test of facts? Not quite, as this chapter reveals. Friends in Deed: Governance and Stability To what extent have political coalitions in India led to better governance? This is not an easy question to answer. Good governance has to be first defined and would include various considerations such as a lower incidence of corruption, greater transparency and accountability of bureaucrats and politicians, greater federalism, better Preface 31 distribution of the benefits of economic growth among the weaker sections and empowerment of those social sections which are less privileged in the country’s caste-based society.
The interests of the country as a whole, it has been argued, cannot be safe in their hands. This chapter shows why this is a coloured view of regional parties. It illustrates situations in which the regional parties have shown that they are capable of looking at issues from a wider perspective. Left Parties: Barking and Biting Chapter 7 describes the changing tactics of the left in parliamentary politics and the differences that have cropped up between them. While the Communist Party of India (CPI) became a part of the Union government for the first time in May 1996, the largest among the left parties, the Communist Party of India (Marxist) remained wary of becoming part of an ideologically disparate United Front coalition.
Have coalition governments reduced the incidence of corruption in India? Some would argue that the fragmentation of the polity and the existence of coalition governments have brought about a slow and gradual process of cleansing in the economy and society. Others would contend that the incidence of scams and scandals would continue to rise as politicians, bureaucrats and those in business scramble to make a fast buck in a system in which the honest are penalised, and a few have vast discretionary powers.