By Fatma Muge Gocek
In 1720, an Ottoman ambassador was once despatched to the court docket of the kid King Louis XV to watch Western civilization and file on what he observed and the way it can be utilized within the Ottoman Empire. in line with the debts of this ambassador, East Encounters West reviews the impression of the West at the Ottoman empire and the effect of this Ottoman embassy at the societies. In France, the presence of the embassy yielded just a short style of Turquerie, while within the Ottoman empire, it yielded the 1st professional printing press, signalling a massive step towards Western variety. Göçek the following assesses the explanations in the back of those differential affects via 3 elements: the Western technological advances, consequent advertisement growth, and the several reactions of varied social teams within the Ottoman empire to those advancements. Her research finds a far-reaching and intricate Westernization procedure that permeated Turkish society because it used to be licensed and imported by way of dignitaries and finally handed onto ordinary families. Sketching the method of Westernization from the point of view of Easterners, this exact publication throws new gentle at the cultural ameliorations among those significant civilizations and at the nature of cultural transmission and diffusion.
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Additional resources for East Encounters West: France and the Ottoman Empire in the Eighteenth Century (Studies in Middle Eastern History)
This town too has a parliament; members of the parliament came (to visit me) but the president did not ... " Mehmed Efendi did not provide more information on the privileged towns. The privileged towns of France were distinct from the free cities of the Holy Roman Empire; these towns had privileges but not the independence of free cities. Mehmed Efendi's usage of the word "free city"48 for a privileged town might have resulted from other Ottoman interactions with Europe. The association of the Ottomans with this political concept could be through the Holy Roman Empire, which had free cities and was a neighbor of the Ottoman Empire.
Tis true their Magnificence is of a different taste from ours, and perhaps of a better. 2 The economic, political, and social changes in the West up to the eighteenth century changed the image of the West. The image of the West was created by the ruler and the nobility of the centralized state residing in the capital. The society and the capital redefined their lives after this image. The competition for royal attention among the nobility in eighteenth-century France fostered new forms of entertainment.
Ottomans spatially differentiated public and private spheres; the boundaries of the living unit were the private boundaries. The only living habit to be shared with and disclosed to people outside the household—and only close friends at that—was eating. Household members and a few close friends were the only people present at meals; foreigners were not usually invited to Ottoman houses until the Tulip Era. Among themselves, even the household members did not eat together; the women and men ate separately.