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By Musa Daji Abdullshi

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In 1616, Copernican books were subjected to censorship by the Church [8]. Galileo was instructed to no longer hold or defend the opinion that the Earth moved. He failed to conform to the ruling of the Church and after the publication of his book titled Dialogue on the Two Chief World Systems [9], he was accused of heresy, compelled to recant his beliefs and then confined to house arrest. Galileo’s Dialogue was ordered to be burned and his ideas banned. The ideas contained in the Dialogue could not be suppressed.

A solution for the nth orbit is u = (A/n)exp(xψ), the transient, if the auxiliary equation, x2 + 2qx + 1 = 0 and q = χ/2ncL. This gives: x = − q ± q 2 − 1 = − q ± jα where α is the ‘rotation factor’ and α2 = 1 – q2, is positive. 18) r n nL2 where the excitement amplitude A/n and phase angle β are obtained from the initial conditions and mχ/nL2 is the steady state. 1) with O as the fixed centre of revolution. For q > 0 < 1 and α < 1, the orbit is an unclosed (aperiodic) ellipse whose major axis (line joining the points of farthest of the particles) rotates about an axis through the centre, perpendicular to the orbital plane.

Radiation takes place only when the electron is dislodged from the stable circular orbit, resulting in a change of potential or kinetic energy. The excited electron revolves in an unclosed elliptic orbit of decreasing eccentricity, before reverting back, after many cycles of revolution, into the stable circular orbit. It is like an oscillating loop settling down into a circular ring and rolling along. On the basis of stability of circular motion of an electron, a new model of the hydrogen atom was developed [17].

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