By Lester Breslow
The Encyclopedia of Public health and wellbeing used to be designed to provide the lay reader information regarding vital facets of the sciences, arts, sensible talents, association, crucial capabilities, and ancient traditions of the sphere. it truly is meant particularly for common readers with a highschool or university point schooling, even though many pro staff, trainees, and scholars of public well-being will locate a lot right here of use and curiosity to them.Public healthiness is without doubt one of the crucial associations of society. It exists to advertise, shield, shield, and restoration the great wellbeing and fitness of all die humans, and it achieves those ends principally via collective motion. The courses, prone, companies, and associations dedicated to public health and wellbeing are concerned about the future health wishes of complete populations. pros engaged within the box regard it as an equipped effon directed at bettering the future health of populations by way of assuring the stipulations during which humans could be fit. It hence differs from the therapeutic arts similar to drugs, dentistry, nursing, and pharmacy that target their companies on the future health of people. Public wellbeing and fitness emphasizes healthiness advertising, the prevention and early detection of ailment, incapacity, and untimely demise. Many clinical disciplines, applied sciences, and useful abilities are enthusiastic about public well-being, which might be seen as a social establishment, a collective self-discipline (one that focuses a wide crew of discrete disciplines on public health), and a tradition.
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Extra info for Encyclopedia of Public Health (D-K)
Disease outbreak control measures, such as the administration of antibiotics, immune globulin, and vaccines; the temporary closure of public facilities; or the suspension of public activities are based on knowing what speciﬁc disease agent is affecting the community. In these cases the rapid and deﬁnitive identiﬁcation of the disease agent by a laboratory is necessary for health ofﬁcials to apply the appropriate control measures. ARTHUR C. FLEISCHER While public health agencies are principally concerned with the assessment of the health status of the community, diagnostic testing of an individual with a communicable disease is an essential part of that assessment.
Prospect Heights, IL: Waveland Press. Wallace, M. (1998). Public Health and Preventive Medicine. Stanford, CT: Appleton and Lange. DISPARITIES IN HEALTH See Inequalities in Health DISSOLVED OXYGEN Dissolved oxygen is the amount of oxygen present in fresh water, such as a stream, or freshwater lake. A certain amount of dissolved oxygen is required to sustain ﬁsh, animals, and other aquatic life. Any decrease in dissolved oxygen can cause changes, usually negative, in an aquatic system. These include ﬁsh kills and loss of aquatic ecosystems.
ARTHUR C. FLEISCHER While public health agencies are principally concerned with the assessment of the health status of the community, diagnostic testing of an individual with a communicable disease is an essential part of that assessment. This is the basis for reporting certain important infectious diseases to the health department, and is a form of disease surveillance, another important public health activity. UK Prospective Diabetes Study (UKPDS) Group (1998). ” Lancet 352:857–853. (Published erratum appears in Lancet 354:602.