By Hu Shih (auth.), Chih-P'ing Chou (eds.)
Hu Shih (1891-1962), chinese language thinker, historian and diplomat. within the 1910s, Hu studied at Cornell collage and later Columbia college, either within the usa. At Columbia, he was once vastly encouraged by way of his professor, John Dewey, and have become a lifelong suggest of pragmatic evolutionary swap. He acquired his Ph.D. in Philosophy in 1917 and again to lecture at Peking collage. Hu quickly grew to become one of many best and such a lot influential intellectuals through the might Fourth flow and later the recent tradition circulate. His most generally famous success in this interval used to be as a key contributor to chinese language liberalism and language reform in his advocacy for using written vernacular chinese language. Hu Shih used to be the Republic of China¡¯s Ambassador to the us of the USA (1938¨C1942) and later Chancellor of Peking college (1946¨C1948). In 1939 Hu Shih used to be nominated for a Nobel Prize in literature and in 1958 turned president of the ¡°Academia Sinica¡± in Taiwan, the place he remained until eventually his dying in Nangang on the age of seventy one. This different assortment brings jointly his English essays, speeches and educational papers, in addition to ebook reports, all written among 1919 and 1962. English Writings of Hu Shih represents his pondering and insights on such subject matters as medical method, liberalism and democracy, and social difficulties. it might additionally function a precious source should you examine Hu Shih and his perspectives on historical and glossy China.
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Extra info for English Writings of Hu Shih: National Crisis and Public Diplomacy (Volume 3)
The invasion of Manchuria took place at a time when China was faced with the unprecedented catastrophe of the Yangtze floods which affected 25 million people in 131 hsiens in 5 provinces, and which resulted in a total material loss of 2 billion dollars. The Shanghai War, which lasted a little more than a month, caused untold losses in human lives and destruction of property and paralyzed the Yangtze delta for many months during which the government found it difficult to pay the school teachers and governmental employees.
The same 41 II consideration applies to all the evil institutions of our ancestors, which, though great evils in themselves, were man-made and capable of being unrooted by human efforts. Once the Chinese girl is freed from the fetters of foot-binding and is given the benefits of modern schooling and physical exercises, she bursts forth in full blossom as one of the most beautiful and graceful species of womanhood. And her brother, when he gives up the octopartite composition and submits himself to the discipline of the modern school and the scientific laboratory, is capable of surprising the world by his dexterity in handling the test tube and the microscope, and by his quick understanding and creative ingenuity in scientific research.
Shall the Empire surrender to them? ” These and other similar declarations have convinced us that our neighbor is fully determined to oppose any government that shows any capability of achieving political unity in China. Such are the international implications of Chinese reconstruction. Shall China abandon all her activities of political, economic and social reconstruction and prepare to die without an effort to save herself? No, a thousand times No! We are determined to go on with our work of putting our own house in order, of solving our own urgent problems, and, if necessary, of fighting for our own existence.