By Volodymyr Ivanov
This ebook allows engineering scholars to appreciate how microbiology will be utilized to environmental examine and useful functions. Written particularly for senior undergraduate to graduate point civil and environmental engineering scholars, the textbook encompasses either primary and utilized ideas and covers subject matters resembling the microbiology of water, wastewater, soil, and air biotreatment platforms utilized in environmental engineering. It additionally covers civil engineering issues comparable to biocementation, biocorrosion, biofouling and biodeterioration of fabrics.
Suitable for environmental engineers with little to no biology education, this ebook offers a completely up to date creation to present traits in environmental microbiology and engineering. Microbial category is represented as a periodic desk with theoretical connections among all prokaryotic teams and highlighting their environmental purposes. The textbook comprises quizzes for every bankruptcy, tutorials and examination questions. A separate strategies handbook is accessible with qualifying direction adoption.
Combining microbiological wisdom and environmental biotechnology rules in a readable model, the booklet contains subject matters such as
- Structures and services of microbial phone and mobile aggregates
- Applied microbial genetics and molecular biology
- Diversity and serve as of microorganisms in environmental engineering systems
- Environmental bioengineering processes
- Microbiological tracking of environmental engineering systems
- Microbiology of water and wastewater treatment
- Biocementation and bioc1ogging of soil
- Biocorrosion of constructions
- Biodeterioration of materials
- Biopollution of indoor environment
- Bioremediation and biotransformation of good waste and soil
- Ancillary tutorial fabric: Quiz and examination Bank
As an teacher and an lively player within the environmental and civil engineering group, the writer has well-known the necessity for field-specific microbiology educational fabric, and has developed a concise, proper textual content for either scholars and execs.
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Additional resources for Environmental Microbiology for Engineers
The major cell monomers are monosaccharides, amino acids, and nucleotides, which form, due to the formation of covalent and other bonds, polysaccharides, proteins, and nucleic acids, respectively. 2 Stereoisomers of the amino acid alanine. be considered as monomers producing membranes due to aggregation of lipid molecules by hydrophobic forces. Monosaccharides Monosaccharides are carbohydrates with the common empirical formula CH2O, an exemption being deoxyribose. Every monosaccharide contains several hydroxyl groups, – OH, and one carbonyl aldehyde, – CHO, or ketone, – C=O, group.
12. By the mass conservation law, elements do not disappear 15 16 Environmental Microbiology for Engineers in biochemical reactions. So, all the equations must be balanced by elements. 35H 2O Covalent Bond Sharing of electrons between atoms constitutes a chemical bond. If electrons are shared equally, the bond is covalent, usually shown as C– C, C–N, C– O (solid lines represent covalent bond). The covalent bond can also be a double or triple bond, shown as C=C, C=O, or, C=C, respectively. Organic Compounds and Functional Groups Carbon atoms combined by covalent bonds form a great variety of organic compounds, which are chains, rings, spheres, or tubes.
Bacteria are able to utilize either light (phototrophs), inorganic substances (lithotrophs), or organic substances (heterotrophs) as an energy source for growth and reproduction. They are adapted to a wide range of environmental conditions and are major degraders of dead organic matter on earth. 4 Approximate Range of Conditions Suitable for Life of Different Microbial Groups Environmental Factors Source of energy Approximate Range of Conditions Suitable for Life Bacteria Light Organic Source of carbon Redox potential (eH) (mV) Inorganic Organic CO2 −150 (Anaerobic) +150 (Aerobic) Temperature (°C) pH −10 to +110 2–11 Archaea Fungi Algae Protozoa Light Organic Inorganic Organic Light Organic Organic CO2 −200 (Strictly anaerobic) +100 (Aerobic) −10 to +110 2–9 Organic >0 (Aerobic conditions for majority) CO2 >0 (Aerobic) Organic >0 (Aerobic) 0–50 4–9 0–40 6–9 15–40 6–8 and chemical structure of the cell membrane and cell wall.