Download Europe Enlarged: A Handbook of Education, Labour and Welfare by Irena Kogan, Michael Gebel, Clemens Noelke PDF

By Irena Kogan, Michael Gebel, Clemens Noelke

The growth of the ecu Union has placed an finish to the east-west department of Europe. while it has elevated the cultural heterogeneity, social disparities and monetary imbalances in the european - exemplified within the decrease residing criteria and better unemployment premiums in a few of the new member states. this crucial new reference paintings describes the tutorial platforms, labour markets and welfare creation regimes within the ten new relevant and jap Europe (CEE) nations. In 3 comparative chapters, discussing each one of those domain names in flip, the editors supply a collection of theory-driven, entire and informative symptoms that let comparisons and scores in the new ecu member states. Then persist with ten country-specific chapters - each one written by way of specialists from these international locations - on: Hungary, Slovenia, the Czech Republic, the Slovac Republic, Poland, Romania, Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.These chapters offer unique info on every one country's academic and coaching platforms, labour marketplace constitution and rules, and its provision of formal and casual welfare aid. a massive element of each one kingdom bankruptcy is the reason of the old historical past, and the explicit nationwide stipulations for the institutional offerings within the transitional years. The guide offers policy-makers with the instruments to evaluate the institutional adjustments in CEE international locations, and students with how one can follow the proposed signs to their analytic examine. it will likely be a necessary source that no significant learn library might be with out.

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Despite its growth, tertiary education enrolment still lags behind in Romania, Bulgaria and Slovakia. Tertiary education expansion occurred not least due to the emergence of private institutions of higher education and the expansion of short, practically oriented programmes at the tertiary level in ‘fashionable’ areas of specialisation (Cerych, 1997; Roberts, 1998; Micklewright, 1999; Matějů and Simonová, 2003). 8: Higher education enrolments (gross population ratios, percentage of population aged 19-24), 1989-2005 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 1989 1991 CZ 1993 HU 1995 PL SK 1997 SI 1999 EE LV 2001 LT 2003 BG 2005 RO Notes: For the Czech Republic the data for 1989-95 refers to those aged 18-22; 1996-2005 to those aged 19-23; for Hungary data refers to those aged 18-23; for Slovakia - data refers to those aged 18-22, 1989-95 for full-time courses only; for Slovenia data refers to those aged 1923; data includes all students enrolled at ISCED 5 (also enrolled on post-graduate master’s programmes); for Estonia data refers to those aged 19-22; for Latvia and Lithuania data refers to those aged 19-23.

The Bologna process, on the other hand, introduced substantial pressures towards the harmonisation of tertiary education within the European Union (EU). Relevant dimensions of the education system at the tertiary level discussed below are: the horizontal differentiation with regard to the fields of studies and the type of educational institutions (universities versus non-university sector); standardisation and the connected issue of the quality differentiation of tertiary education institutions; and finally, the openness of the education system or the degree of provision of financial support for young people which would allow them to study at the tertiary level.

Shavit, Y. and Müller, W. T. Hallinan (ed) Handbook of the sociology of education, New York/Boston: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, pp 437-52. , Chachashvili, S. and Menahem, G. (2007) ‘Israel: diversification, expansion and inequality in higher education’, in Y. Shavit, R. Arum and A. Gamoran (eds) Stratification in higher education: a comparative study, Palo Alto: Stanford University Press, pp 39-62. Simkus, A. and Andorka, R. (1982) ‘Educational attainment in Hungary’, American Sociological Review, vol 47, pp 740-51.

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