By J. Voogd (auth.), E. A. C. M. Sanders, R. J. W. De Keizer, D. S. Zee (eds.)
There may be no quarter of neuro-ophthalmology that's advancing extra quickly with recognize to an realizing of its anatomy and body structure than the ocular motor approach. accordingly, it truly is tough not just to maintain with the most recent info about the simple mechanisms interested by the keep an eye on of eye activities but additionally to stay brand new concerning the pathophysiology of particular problems of eye circulate. the cloth during this booklet is derived from a two-day direction on eye hobbies held within the Netherlands in 1986. The direction used to be designed as an creation to the conventional ocular motor process and to problems of eye hobbies and was once geared toward orthoptists, ophthalmolo gists, optometrists, neurologists, and neurosurgeons. The chapters during this e-book have been compiled via a trio of specialists within the box of eye pursuits and include discussions of anatomy and body structure of the ocular motor procedure, options of exam of sufferers with diplopia, and pathophysiology of particular issues of ocular motility. a few of the authors of those chapters are one of the so much energetic investigators of eye pursuits on the earth at the present time, and their reviews therefore mirror the most recent details within the box. this article is either simple and com prehensive and therefore has whatever for everybody, from the coed simply starting a learn of the ocular motor approach to the professional 'veteran' who needs to grasp the most recent information about relevant ocular motor keep watch over mechanisms. Neil R.
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Additional info for Eye Movement Disorders
Double vision reflects ocular misalignment and usually indicates an infranuclear disorder of eye movement. The lesion may be located in: the cranial nerves, or in the eye muscles or the nuclear cell complex within the brainstem. In clinical practice it is advised to limit to two possibilities. One should ask whether signs could be due to a lesion of one of the three cranial nerves: oculomotor nerve (III), trochlear nerve (IV) or abducens nerve (VI). If not, the lesion is likely to be located in eye muscles or in the nuclear cell complex in the brainstem.
M. VAN VLIET 1. Definitions of types of eye movement There are two principal types of eye movement: those that bring images to the fovea, and those which hold images steady on the retina. Simultaneous eye movement in the same direction is called conjugate and in opposite direction disjunctive. When moving between two points, eyes usually move conjugately, provided the two points do not lie on a line bisecting the angle formed by visual axes (bisector). Pure disjunctive movement occurs along this bisector.
J Physiol (London) 372: 75-94. 13. Cheron G, Gillis P, Godaux E (1986): Lesions in the cat prepositus complex: effects on the optokinetic system. J Physiol (London) 372: 95-111. 14. Schiller PH, True SD, Conway JL (1979). Effects of frontal eye field and superior colliculus ablations on eye movements. Science 206: 590-592. 15. Wurtz RH, Albano JE (1980): Visual-motor function of the primate superior colliculus. Ann Rev Neurosci 3: 189-226. 16. Bruce CJ, Goldberg ME (1985): Primate frontal eye fields.