By Lars Ostergaard
Fruit improvement and seed dispersal are significant subject matters inside plant and crop sciences examine with vital advancements in examine being suggested usually. Drawing jointly reports via a number of the world's prime specialists in those components, the Editor of this quantity, Lars Ostergaard has supplied a quantity that is an important buy for all these operating in plant and crop sciences world wide.
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Fruit improvement and seed dispersal are significant subject matters inside plant and crop sciences examine with vital advancements in examine being said usually. Drawing jointly stories by way of a few of the world's prime specialists in those components, the Editor of this quantity, Lars Ostergaard has supplied a quantity that is a necessary buy for all these operating in plant and crop sciences around the world.
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Additional info for Fruit development and seed dispersal (Annual Plant Reviews, Volume 38)
FAR, by contrast, is redundantly involved in stamen development and is required for pollen fertility in Antirrhinum. , 2000). In Petunia hybrida, which, as a member of the asterids, is more closely related to Antirrhinum than to Arabidopsis (Fig. 2), a further case of sub-functionalization is apparent. , 2004). c01 BLBK197-Ostergaard 22 August 26, 2009 14:27 Char Count= Fruit Development and Seed Dispersal Though sub-functionalization between the paralogous AG and PLE clades in Arabidopsis has left AG playing the major C-function role, elegant experiments involving multiple mutants show that the SHP genes have retained a capacity for C-function activity, perhaps reflecting the C-function role of the common ancestor, prior to the radiation of the core eudicots, which these genes share with AG.
2006), demonstrating its action to be independent of these C-function genes. , 2005). It is not yet clear whether carpel development depends on DL expression per se, or whether DL is mainly responsible for preventing B-function gene expression in the fourth floral whorl. Experiments that combine B-clade, C-clade and dl mutations in rice might help to evaluate the role of DL in floral patterning, and/or in carpel specification. , 2004) to have arisen specifically in the monocot lineage. , 2007), however, showed the DL coding sequence to be capable of restoring near wild-type carpel development when expressed from the Arabidopsis CRC promoter.
The fluidity of functions among duplicated genes in the core eudicots is further illustrated by an exchange of function between C- and D-clade MADSbox genes. , 1995). The probable Arabidopsis orthologue of these genes, SEEDSTICK (STK), is also involved in ovule development, though STK shares this role redundantly with the C-clade genes SHP1 and SHP2 (Fig. 5). , 1995), produces supernumerary carpels in the place of ovules within the gynoecium. , 2003). The combined C+D-clade in the eudicots, whose members were derived from duplication events that occurred both before and after the radiation of the angiosperms, therefore represents a complex situation in which diverse evolutionary processes have taken place.