By Susan L. Burns, Barbara J. Brooks (eds.)
Beginning within the 19th century, legislation as perform, discourse, and beliefs turned a robust technique of reordering gender family in glossy geographical regions and their colonies worldwide. This quantity places advancements in Japan and its empire in discussion with this worldwide phenomenon. Arguing opposed to the preferred stereotype of Japan as a non-litigious society, a world team of members from Japan, Taiwan, Germany, and the united states, explores how in Japan and its colonies, as in other places within the glossy international, legislations turned a primary technique of developing and regulating gendered matters and social norms within the interval from the 1870s to the Fifties. instead of viewing felony discourse and the courts simply as applied sciences of kingdom regulate, the authors recommend that they have been topic to negotiation, interpretation, and contestation at each point in their formula and deployment. With this as a shared place to begin, they discover key matters such reproductive and human rights, sexuality, prostitution, gender and criminal activity, and the formation of the trendy conceptions of relations and conjugality, and use those matters to complicate our knowing of the impression of civil, felony, and administrative legislation upon the lives of either eastern voters and colonial matters. the result's a robust rethinking of not just gender and legislation, but additionally the relationships among the kingdom and civil society, the metropole and the colonies, and Japan and the West.
Collectively, the essays supply a brand new framework for the background of gender in glossy Japan and revise our figuring out of either legislations and gender in an period formed by way of modernization, state and empire-building, warfare, profession, and decolonization. With its vast chronological time span and compelling and but obtainable writing, Gender and legislations within the eastern Imperium can be a robust addition to any path on sleek eastern historical past and of curiosity to readers thinking about gender, society, and legislation in different components of the world.
Contributors: Barbara J. Brooks, Daniel Botsman, Susan L. Burns, Chen Chao-Ju, Darryl Flaherty, Harald Fuess, Sally A. Hastings, Douglas Howland, Matsutani Motokazu.
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Additional resources for Gender and Law in the Japanese Imperium
For example, the scholars, educators, and government officials associated with the Meiji Six Society, a debating society that set itself the goal of enlightening Japanese society, broached the issue of prostitution in two general contexts. First of these was the nature of marriage in a civilized society. Ideally, Japanese in an enlightened age should be developing toward monogamy in marriage, which meant the elimination of the traditional practice of concubinage. A man should have only one wife, and the practice of maintaining a concubine should no longer be acceptable.
29. O. 44 Douglas Howland 84/1442: . Others reported that 8 of 238 coolies died en route to Yokohama, two possibly from suicide. O. O. O. 84/1442: [180–184]; Hu-DeHart, “Chinese Coolie Labour in Cuba,” 76; MacNair, The Chinese Abroad, 211; Meagher, Coolie Trade, 71–81; The Peruvian Barque “Maria Luz”: A Short Account, 45–48, 55–56; Stewart, Chinese Bondage in Peru, 108–110. O. 84/1442: ; MacNair, The Chinese Abroad, 210–211; Morse, The International Relations, vol. 2, 178. Cuba Commission, Chinese Emigration, 8; Morse, The International Relations, vol.
45 Indeed, the Maria Luz incident prompted the first official attempt to moderate the growth of prostitution in Japan. Frederick Dickins’ affront to the Kanagawa court in his defense of Captain Herrera—when he pointed out the hypocrisy of Japan in allowing bonded prostitution—persuaded Ōe Taku and then Etō Shinpei, minister of justice, to take action on behalf of young Japanese women. ” Employment as a prostitute in Japan during the late 1800s was associated with a number of occupations available for young women at the time, especially those of domestic servant and machine operator in a silk or cotton-spinning factory.