By Glenn E. Curtis
Within the early Nineteen Nineties, the Caucasus took its position one of the areas of the realm having violent post-Cold struggle ethnic clash. a number of wars broke out within the sector as soon as Soviet authority ceased keeping the lid on disagreements that have been fermenting for many years. (Joseph V. Stalin's forcible relocation of ethnic teams after the redrawing of the region's political map used to be a main resource of the friction of the 1990s.) therefore, the 3 republics dedicated serious assets to army campaigns in a interval while the necessity for inner restructuring used to be paramount.
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Additional resources for Georgia A Country Study
1872 Oil industry established around Baku, beginning rapid expansion. 1878 “Armenian question” emerges at Congress of Berlin; disposition of Armenia becomes ongoing European issue. 1891 First Armenian revolutionary party formed. 1895 Massacre of 300,000 Armenian subjects by Ottoman Turks. TWENTIETH CENTURY ca. 1900 Radical political organizations begin to form in Azerbaijan. 1908 Young Turks take over government of Ottoman Empire with reform agenda, supported by Armenian population. 1915 Young Turks massacre 600,000 to 2 million Armenians; most survivors leave eastern Anatolia.
The collection of accurate and current information was assisted greatly by the contributions of Professor Stephen Jones of Mount Holyoke College, Dee Ann Holisky and Betty Blair of Azerbaijan International, and Joseph Masih of the Armenian Assembly of America. The authors acknowledge the generosity of individuals and public and private agencies including Azerbaijan International, the Embassy of Azerbaijan, and the White House Photo Office, who allowed their photographs to be used in this study.
Measurements are given in the metric system; a conversion table is provided in the Appendix. A chronology is provided at the beginning of the book, combining significant historical events of the three countries. To amplify points in the text of the chapters, tables in the Appendix provide statistics on aspects of the societies and the economies of the countries. The body of the text reflects information available as of March 1994. Certain other portions of the text, however, have been updated. The Introduction discusses significant events and trends that have occurred since the completion of research; the Country Profiles include updated information as available; and the Bibliography lists recently published sources thought to be particularly helpful to the reader.