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When the ion exchange media is regenerated, the small proportion of liquid waste containing the majority of the activity should be stored for subsequent treatment. 2. SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS FOR THE STORAGE OF BIOLOGICAL AND MEDICAL RADIOACTIVE WASTE Storage of unconditioned biological and medical waste often necessitates low temperature refrigeration, with temperatures typically –18 to –22°C. For prolonged storage at a centralized radioactive waste management facility beyond two or three years the waste should be stored at –70°C to minimize low temperature putrefaction.

Temporary storage of untreated/unconditioned waste can on occasion be based on a compromise between the rooms in existing facilities and the construction of a separate building. The use of converted marine shipping International Organization for Standardization (ISO) standard containers as a storage facility for untreated/unconditioned waste has been found to offer a simple solution to such storage requirements [28]. ISO containers have the advantage that they are low cost, readily available, lockable, stackable and designed to withstand severe weather and water ingress from normal precipitation.

The roles and responsibilities of the organizations involved in its implementation should be clearly identified and 25 the necessary resources (organizational, financal, technical and advisory) should be provided to administer the policy. The national waste management policy should be expressed so as to protect people and their environment from undue exposure to ionizing radiation from radioactive waste by the application of up to date internationally accepted waste processing recommendations and safety requirements.

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