Download Harold Macmillan and the Berlin Wall Crisis, 1958–62: The by J. Gearson PDF

By J. Gearson

Drawing on newly published executive papers, John Gearson assesses the improvement of Harold Macmillan's international coverage through the Berlin Wall trouble. Tracing the sour alliance disputes of the situation, Dr Gearson exhibits how Macmillan's makes an attempt to chart an self sustaining direction, crucially undermined his status together with his ecu companions and published his stressed method of eu protection. Berlin is put on the centre of attention of British overseas coverage, making this ebook an enormous contribution to the historiography of the interval.

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Extra resources for Harold Macmillan and the Berlin Wall Crisis, 1958–62: The Limits of Interests and Force

Sample text

The Eden Plan was presented a second time in July 1955 by which time West Germany had joined NATO and was rearming. 79 To Adenauer's irritation, Eden went even further at the Greneva meeting and proposed a demilitarised zone between East and West in Europe. Disengagement as it came to be called was to bewitch British policy-makers for some time thereafter. Adenauer Britain and the Problem of Berlin 25 feared that the US might disengage from Europe altogether as a result, with a neutral Central Europe emerging or the division of Germany being consolidated.

101 The views expressed were broadly in line with those of the West German SPD's policy for a reunited Germany contained in their manifesto for the 1957 election in West Germany (in which they were heavily defeated by Adenauer's CDU). He called for the withdrawal of foreign troops from East and West Germany and the denuclearisation of both parts to make the plan of interest to the USSR. In his memoirs published in 1989, Healey explains the logic behind his plan, claiming that the 'lesson' of the Polish and Hungarian uprisings of the 1950s was that as long as Eastern Europe was under Soviet control, political unrest might lead tofightingwhich could spill over into Western Europe.

34 The great-grandson of a Scottish crofter, he fought and was wounded in World War I - a formative experience. 35 Following the war he married a daughter of the Duke of Devonshire, Lady Dorothy Cavendish, and worked in his family's publishing business before entering politics. Behind the bare facts, though, lay great personal problems. His fiercely ambitious mother lived with him and his wife at the family house, Birch Grove, and the marriage was difficult. The father of Macmillan's fourth child, Sarah, born in 1929, is generally accepted to have been Robert Boothby, a fellow Conservative politician, whose relationship with Lady Dorothy spanned 40 years.

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