By Francis O. Adeola
The sociology of unsafe waste, threat, and disasters is a comparatively new discipline. This book focuses on detrimental and poisonous wastes releases, business poisonous mess ups, illness of groups and the surroundings, and the following adversarial well-being results between uncovered populations
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Additional info for Hazardous Wastes, Industrial Disasters, and Environmental Health Risks: Local and Global Environmental Struggles
As mentioned, once released and dispersed in the environment, cadmium tends to persist in soil, water, and sediments for several decades. When absorbed by plants, it typically bioaccumulates in the food chain and eventually accumulates in the vital organs of the body. People who consume food crops grown on soils with high cadmium content, eat seafood harvested from cadmium-polluted water, smoke cigarettes excessively, or are employed in cadmiumprocessing factories are susceptible to cadmium toxicity (Bernard, 2008; Satarug and Moore, 2004).
Metal mining industry, which started reporting in 1998, accounted for the largest total releases, followed by electric utilities, chemical manufacturing, and the paper industry sectors, respectively. 7 percent; and others including coal mining, chemical wholesale distributors, and petroleum terminals and bulk storage facilities accounted for the remaining small percentage of total toxic releases, respectively. Among the limitations of TRI is the fact that small generators of toxic waste are not required to report.
4 Top 20 Hazardous Substances and Substances Most Frequently Found in Completed Exposure Pathways (CEPs) Substances Arsenic* Lead* Mercury* Vinyl Chloride Benzene Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs) Cadmium* Benzo(a)pyrene Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) Benzo(b)fluoranthene Chloroform DDT, P’P’Aroclor 1260 Aroclor 1254 Trichloroethylene Chromium (+6)* Dibenz[a,h]anthracene Dieldrine Hexachlorobutadiene DDE P,P’ Hazard Rank No. of NPL Sites CEP Order 1 2 3 4 5 6 147 206 74 75 116 96 3 1 12 21 5 8 7 8 9 105 46 55 6 23 26 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 28 81 28 13 17 239 102 25 19 — 37 36 15 44 83 76 2 7 42 56 — 44 Note : Items with an asterisk denote toxic heavy metals commonly found in waste streams.