Download Major Thinkers in Welfare: Contemporary Issues in Historical by Vic George PDF

By Vic George

With remarkable breadth, Major Thinkers in Welfare examines a number of perspectives and theories on a number welfare issues—including wealth, poverty, inequality, slavery, gender, kin, schooling, crime, and the position of governments and markets in society—from old Greece to the tip of the 19th century. Contextualizing the theorists with a glance at their social values and perceptions of human nature, it deals probably the most entire histories of the concept of social welfare and highlights very important ancient complexities for one of the most pressing modern problems.

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Second, personal accidents, illnesses and mishaps should be born without questioning for they are part of human life. The virtuous bear these bravely for they know that suffering is in line with the demands of Nature. It is by this feature that Stoicism is known – the quality of ‘the stiff upper lip’. It was a quality that proved necessary in battle and in the aftermaths of battle. The Stoics held strongly to the view that whatever emanated from Nature had a purpose that 27 Major thinkers in welfare was beneficent for society and for the individual.

Economic forces were important, perhaps the most important factor, but ‘it is not necessary to overlook the influence of the sentiment of human nature on 31 Major thinkers in welfare social conditions’ (Carlyle, 1962, p 50). Eventually, slavery disappeared in Europe only to be replaced by a new form of human bondage – serfdom. Despite the changes in attitudes in some circles, and the pleas for more humane treatment of the slaves, there is no doubt about the cruelty that masters administered to their slaves.

Money, wealth and status are potential advantages to happiness in old age but they are insufficient in themselves – they need to be complemented with proper work and good life habits. In the second place, there are many misconceptions about old age, often shared by old people themselves, which need to be corrected before old age is seen as what it is – a period in life with its pluses and minuses. 38 The Graeco-Roman world Activists today will be heartened by his call to self-help action to change the status of old age: Age will only be respected if it fights for itself, maintains its own rights, avoids dependence, and asserts control over its own sphere as long as life lasts.

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