By James A. Ford, R. Lee Lyman, Professor Michael J. O'Brien, Gordon Willey
A Dan Josselyn Memorial Publication
This selection of Ford's works makes a speciality of the advance of ceramic chronology—a key device in Americanist archaeology.
When James Ford begun archaeological fieldwork in 1927, students divided time easily into prehistory and background. although definitely prompted by way of his colleagues, Ford committed his existence to constructing a chronology for prehistory in response to ceramic forms, and this day he merits credits for bringing chronological order to the monstrous archaeological checklist of the Mississippi Valley.
This booklet collects Ford's seminal writings exhibiting the significance of pottery kinds in relationship websites, inhabitants pursuits, and cultures. those works outlined the improvement of ceramic chronology that culminated within the significant quantity Archaeological Survey within the decrease Mississippi Alluvial Valley, 1940-1947, which Ford wrote with Philip Phillips and James B. Griffin. as well as Ford's early writings, the gathering comprises articles written with Griffin and Gordon Willey, in addition to different key papers by way of Henry Collins and Fred Kniffen.
Editors Michael O'Brien and Lee Lyman have written an advent that units the degree for every bankruptcy and offers a cohesive framework from which to ascertain Ford's rules. A foreword by way of Willey, himself a player during this chronology improvement, seems to be again at the foundation of that approach. Measuring the circulate of Time strains the improvement of tradition heritage in American archaeology by way of offering a unmarried reference for all of Ford's writing on chronology. It chronicles the formation of 1 of an important instruments for realizing the prehistory of North the United States and exhibits its lasting relevance.
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Additional info for Measuring the Flow of Time: The Works of James A. Ford, 1935-1941
This small, seemingly insignificant admission is important because it helps complete the bridge between late 1936, when Ford finished the surface-collection monograph, and late 1937, when he and Griffin began preparing to reorganize pottery classification in the Southeast. Given Ford's interests and where he was intellectually in 1937, there was no better person to be around for a summer than Gordon Willey. He was fresh out ofthe master's program at the University of Arizona when he went to Georgia to work with A.
Reoccupation-that is, occupation after a preceding abandonment-was possible, but "it would be unlikely that a succeeding people should select the exact [previously occupied] habitation spot for their use. If the old locality had been intentionally reoccupied, the odds are that the dumps of the succeeding group would be located near but not precisely on those of the In trod uction 17 original inhabitants" (Ford 1936a:255). In short, mixing of complexes resulting from reoccupation was unlikely. Ford believed that mixing of complexes was more likely the result of continuous occupation: "It seems more reasonable to suppose that sites on which apparently subsequent complexes are mixed were either settled in the time of the older and were occupied on into the time of the following complex; or that the villages were inhabited during a period of transition from one complex to the other" (Ford 1936a:255-256).
Recognition must be possible by others who will use the material, as well as by the individual proposing the type. (Ford and Griffin 1938: 12) If we take Ford and Griffin literally, what they proposed as the necessary ingredients of a type created an unworkable system, mired down as it would be in an endless list of types created to encompass the enormous variation in the "discoverable [read observable] vessel features" they listed. Griffin (personal communication 1996) stated that the recommendations in the 1938 report derived from a combination of typological procedures (a) used in the Southwest, (b) outlined in two of Carl Guthe's publications (Guthe 1928, 1934), and (c) used by Griffin in his Fort Ancient analysis (Griffin 1943).