By Debal K. Singha Roy, Debal K. Singharoy
This is often an research of the anatomy and inner dynamics of peasant pursuits in India. It makes a comparative research of the Tebhaga (Bengal, 1946-47), Telengana (Andhra, 1948-52) and Naxalite (North Bengal, 1967-71) routine to review the ways that grassroots mobilizations remodel and institutionalize themselves, forge new collective identities and articulate new options for survival and resistance. the writer makes use of empirical facts and secondary examine to argue that radicalism in peasant events is in inverse percentage to institutionalization. As spontaneous expressions of discontent opposed to oppression and marginalization develop into institutionalized hobbies, the gap for radical problem shrinks. accordingly, in Bengal, the co-option of the peasant circulate by means of the ruling communist social gathering and the nation has principally killed the scope for radical motion. In Andhra Pradesh nonetheless, the relative independence of the grassroots mobilization procedure (along with logistic and ideological inputs from NGOs and radical social and Naxalite teams) has allowed the peasantry to workout a number of recommendations for collective motion. although, in either circumstances, the grassroots mobilization has resulted in a change of the social id of the peasant, and created a social atmosphere within which problems with dominance and resistance have an enormous position. The learn of the Indian event is positioned within the context of theories of peasant id and resistance to oppression. the 1st bankruptcy of the e-book is dedicated to the summing up of sociological views on peasant societies, identities and pursuits. It comprises references to the works of Marx and Lenin, Redfield, Chayanov, Wolf and Gramsci, and, within the Indian context, Beteille, Byres and several other others. The booklet reexamines difficulties that experience obtained quite much less significance in recent times. It seeks to appreciate concerns which are of tolerating relevance within the Indian geographical region that keeps to simmer with unrest whilst it involves grips with a brand new monetary scenario. The ebook may be of as a lot curiosity to researchers and policymakers as to the clever common reader.
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Additional info for Peasant Movements in Post-Colonial India: Dynamics of Mobilization and Identity
Society shapes self which shapes social behaviours’. They (Mead 1934; Cooley 1902; Blumer 1969) visualized society and the self as being unorganized, unitary and unstable. However the structural symbolic–interactionist visualizes societies as ‘highly differentiated yet organized systems of interactions and relationships encompassing a wide variety of crosscutting lines based on social class, age, gender, ethnicity, religion and more’. Here self must be seen as ‘multifaceted, as comprised of a variety of parts that are sometimes interdependent and sometimes independent of other parts, sometimes mutually reinforcing and sometimes conflicting and that are organized in multiple ways.
To him, peasants participated in the great rebellions because of the suffering caused by the crises of demographics, ecology, and power and authority. As poor peasants depend on landlords for their livelihood, they are ‘unlikely to pursue the course of rebellion unless they are able to rely on some external power to challenge the power which constrains them’. Wolf holds that there are two components of the peasantry that possess sufficient internal leverage to enter into sustained rebellion: ‘land-owning middle peasantry’, and ‘a peasantry located in a peripheral area outside the domains of landlord control’.
To him, ‘the unquestioned presumptions are merely unquestioned not unquestionable’. The unquestioning acceptance of social identity may also involve a radical shift in the identity having accepted as discovery rather than as reasoned choice; for example, a shift from holistic to sectarian identity. This unreasoned identity shift may lead to devastating effects, like in Rwanda or Yugoslavia. Here he explains the phenomena of ‘new tyrannies’ in the form of newly asserted identity that tyrannizes by eliminating other identities.