By Azadeh Ramesh
This publication is an unique and novel contribution to flood risk evaluation, weather switch and land use swap and is meant to serve either as a good resource of data and a precious foundation for precedence atmosphere and additional technical, monetary and political judgements relating to flood probability evaluation. The examine sector is found at the floodplain of the Ubaye River within the Barcelonnette zone, a part of the Alpes de Haute Provence in southeast France. The e-book bargains a comparative review of the key demanding situations confronted whilst facing flood dangers. The study awarded is meant to advertise a deeper figuring out of ways weather swap and land use switch strategies have developed from prior to provide, and the way they impact the stream regime of the Ubaye River in accordance with sound and reproducible clinical arguments. The technique carried out levels from distant sensing interpretation to hydrodynamic modeling and contains the appliance of spatial and statistical modeling. the result of this study supply crucial info for policymaking, decision-making help and flood possibility making plans within the Barcelonnette area.
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Additional resources for Response of Flood Events to Land Use and Climate Change: Analyzed by Hydrological and Statistical Modeling in Barcelonnette, France
10). The active channel was also restricted during this period mostly due to human installations developed in the corridor downstream from Barcelonnette. In contrast the 1970–1990 periods is characterized by reduced peak flow and vegetative recolonization (+5 %) of the active channel (Fig. 11). The sector located upstream from Barcelonnette showed major continuous vegetation colonization of the active channel. Whereas downstream, these changes were discontinuous and were only apparent between 1973 and 1982.
119], who analyzed the influence of land use on the water balance of the near surface soil layer by applying a conceptual rainfall– runoff model to a Belgian river basin. They concluded that the presence of vegetation can induce effects on the river flows that are more evident in arid climates where the vegetation cover causes a reduction of the river discharge that is more marked for the lower river flows. Increases in urban areas tend to increase the responsiveness of an area to a rainfall event, usually leading to flash flooding and increased maximum rates of stream flow.
These studies were applied in some regions by different scientists; UK: Kay et al. ; Scandinavia: Graham et al. ; the Benelux countries: Booij ; and Germany: Shabalova et al. . While some of the investigators realized an increasing trend in flood frequency and intensity, the other investigators found a decreasing trend. Application of different climate scenarios as well as hydrological models made it difficult to compare the results and to make a picture at a European scale. Lehner et al.