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Edu), Washington State University Tri-Cities, Richland, WA. NATIONAL RADIOLOGICAL PROTECTION BOARD, various reports. AMERICAN NUCLEAR SOCIETY, Protection and Management of Plutonium, Special Panel Report of the American Nuclear Society on Environmental Safety and Health Implications of Plutonium, ANS, La Grange Park, IL. UNITED NATIONS, Dose Assessment for Radionuclides, United Nations General Assembly draft Rep. 548, UN, New York (1995). , The environmental safety and health implications of plutonium.

The isotopic composition of the plutonium determines the surface dose rates. 241Am contributes most significantly to the gamma dose, and 238Pu and 240Pu contribute most significantly to the neutron dose. g. in HEPA filters) can be a significant source of external exposure and should be monitored on a periodic basis. REFERENCES [1] 42 INTERNATIONAL COMMISSION ON RADIOLOGICAL PROTECTION, The Metabolism of Plutonium and Related Elements, ICRP Publication 48, Pergamon Press, Oxford (1986). edu), Washington State University Tri-Cities, Richland, WA.

Plutonium dioxide also adsorbs other atmospheric molecular species that may be reactive from a radiolytic perspective [9]. , from the process environment. g. H2 and CO) that are not strongly adsorbed by the oxide. The resulting pressurization of sealed containers can lead to bulging or rupture. Since adsorbed species are removed by heating the oxide in air, thermal processing may be used to remove adsorbates from the oxide prior to storage. Care must also be taken to prevent re-exposure of processed material to moisture and other contaminants before packaging.

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