By R. Felix Geyer, Johannes van der Zouwen (auth.), R. Felix Geyer, Johannes van der Zouwen (eds.)
The fifteen papers comprising this ebook have been selected out of the sixty-one contributions to the Symposium and part on Social structures held within the context of the Fourth foreign Congress of Cybernetics and platforms (Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 21-25 August, 1978). those papers, as sembled the following at the foundation in their topicality, intensity and originality, disguise quite a lot of difficulties, starting from 'Societies and Turing machines' to 'Dialectics and catastrophe'. an attractive array of subject matters is taken into account via authors from six international locations. it truly is felt that those papers, a few of them thought-provoking and of serious advantage, will forged new gentle on social difficulties. even though the contributions examine a wide selection of issues, the underlying development is clear mostly. Of targeted worth is the dialogue of the relevance of cybernetics and structures to a large spectrum of social difficulties. i believe the therapy and the procedure followed via the members benefit broad recognition, on account that their contributions represent an considerable increase in a pretty novel box. 1. ROSE BLACKBURN (U.K.) may possibly, 1978 Acknowledgements to begin with, we wish to thank the authors for his or her contributions to those volumes, usually produced below serious time strain. we're fairly indebted to writer Hans van der Sluijs and table editor Judy Marcure for his or her precious cooperation in having either volumes edited and released on schedule.
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Additional resources for Sociocybernetics: An actor-oriented social systems approach Vol. 2
E. when I am directly aware of the object itself. '3 There are four general categories of kinds of facts or things with which we may be acquainted: (1) those facts with which we are acquainted through sensation, which Russell calls 'sense-data'. Examples of these are such things as colors, sounds, smells, etc. g. e. concepts. e. it is not derivative and no other argument is necessary for it. e. limited to the private sense data of individual persons; finally, qualitative knowing is not claimed to be the infallible apprehension of some thing.
Iv y=x b) Figure 2. Self-coupling: (a) indirect, (b) direct. , are examples of direct self-coupling. ' is an example of indirect self-coupling (under the condition that the girlfriend tells the truth). As another example of indirect self-coupling can be mentioned the dictator who cannot endure any other advisors than 'yes men' always saying just what they are supposed to say. In fact, this dictator is only coupled with himself. CYBERNETIC THEOREMS OF SOCIAL PROCESSES ° 35 Theorem 7 From equation (2) it follows that X2 = ifrx=O,or ifYl=O.
Such exchanges might be seen as reciprocal control relations between non-specialist and specialist, or between two specialists in different subject areas, with each party to the exchange seeking to maximize its own self-interests. The non-specialist needs to make referrals, and seeks to maximize the competence of the specialist to whom they are sent; this typically is someone who has previously supplied the non-specialist with drug-related information. The specialist, by contrast, needs to acquire referrals, to advance standing in the local drug abuse community; hence specialists seek to maximize their circles of non-specialist contacts by disseminating specialized information.