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By Versteegh, C.H.M. (ed.), Eid, M. (ed.), Elgibali, A. (ed.), Woidich, Zaborski, Kees Versteegh, Mushira Eid, Alaa Elgibali, Manfred Woidich, Andrzej Zaborski

"The Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics" represents a distinct collaboration of over thousands of students from worldwide, the "Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics" covers all correct features of the learn of Arabic and offers with all degrees of the language (pre-Classical Arabic, Classical Arabic, smooth ordinary Arabic, Arabic vernaculars, combined forms of Arabic). No different reference paintings bargains this scale of contributions or intensity and breadth of insurance. "The Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics" is decided to develop into a vital reference paintings for college students and researchers within the fields of linguistics, Islamic experiences, Arabic literature and different similar fields.

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The Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics

"The Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics" represents a different collaboration of over hundreds of thousands of students from worldwide, the "Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics" covers all correct facets of the research of Arabic and bargains with all degrees of the language (pre-Classical Arabic, Classical Arabic, smooth regular Arabic, Arabic vernaculars, combined sorts of Arabic).

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1991. “Palatalization and coronality”. Paradis and Prunet (1991: 79–100). Marçais, Philippe. 1948. “L’articulation de l’emphase dans un parler arabe maghrébin”. 5–28. (c) 2011 Koninklijke Brill NV. All Rights Reserved. F. 1993. Pronouncing Arabic. Oxford: Clarendon Press. ). 1980. An introduction to the comparative grammar of the Semitic languages: Phonology and morphology. 3rd ed. Wiesbaden: O. Harrassowitz. Odisho, Edward Y. 1987. “Comments on Arabic mufaxxama and pharyngeal sounds”. 1–11. ).

Wiesbaden: O. Harrassowitz. ——. 2002. A grammar of Classical Arabic, trans. Jonathan Rodgers. New Haven and London: Yale University Press. Kahle, Erhard. 1975. Studien zur Syntax des Adjektivs im vorklassischen Arabisch. Erlangen: H. Lüling. Wright, William. 1933. A grammar of the Arabic language, ed. W. J. de Goeje. 2 vols. 3rd rev. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Wolfdietrich Fischer (Erlangen, Germany) Adjunction → X-bar-Syntax Adverbial Clause → Maf ≠ùl fìhi; X-bar Syntax 21 in ßìma rama∂àn-a is to be indeterminately analyzed as both object and adverbial.

5 Interrogative adverbials The interrogative adverbials are derived in varying degrees through grammaticalization of other parts of speech and merging of Classical Arabic interrogatives with prepositions. In the peninsular dialects, some of the interrogatives are little changed from the Classical Arabic originals. ). ’, in some dialects from *≠alà + mà/ ±ayyi “ay ±in. ’ is almost invariably derived directly (c) 2011 Koninklijke Brill NV. All Rights Reserved. adverbs 25 Table 2. Interrogative pronouns in Arabic dialects Ían≠ànì Cairene Damascus Muslim Baghdad Mardin Cherchell, Algeria Khartoum *matà *±ayna *li-mà≈à *kayf *kam how much?

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