By Christopher Rulison (auth.), Zahid Amjad (eds.)
This quantity features a sequence of papers initially offered on the symposium on Water Soluble Polymers: answer homes and purposes, backed by way of the department of Colloids and floor Chemistry of the yankee Chemical Society. The symposium happened in Las Vegas urban, Nevada on nine to eleventh September, 1997 on the 214th American Chemical Society nationwide assembly. well-known specialists of their - spective fields have been invited to talk. there has been a powerful attendance from academia, g- ernment, and business learn facilities. the aim of the symposium used to be to provide and talk about contemporary advancements within the resolution houses of water soluble polymers and their functions in aqueous platforms. Water soluble polymers locate functions in a few fields of which the next will be worthy stating: cosmetics, detergent, oral care, commercial water remedy, g- thermal, wastewater remedy, water purification and reuse, pulp and paper creation, sugar refining, and lots of extra. furthermore, water soluble polymers play important function within the oil undefined, in particular in superior oil restoration. Water soluble polymers also are utilized in ag- tradition and regulated unlock pharmaceutical purposes. as a result, a basic kno- fringe of resolution houses of those polymers is key for many commercial scientists. An realizing of the fundamental phenomena all for the applying of those polymers, resembling adsorption and interplay with varied substrates (i. e. , the teeth teeth, hair, opposite - mosis membrane, warmth exchanger surfaces, and so on. ) is of significant value in constructing excessive functionality formulations for attaining optimal potency of the system.
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Additional info for Water Soluble Polymers: Solutions Properties and Applications
However, above this temperature, phase separation played a significant part in the gelation process. Their work also increased interest in the use of wide- and small-angle neutron scattering in order to understand the structure of the gels from a microscopic perspective. Stauffer and Peppas6 investigated PVA gels prepared by freezing and thawing techniques. In this work, hydrogels were prepared by existing aqueous solutions of 10–15 wt % PVA to freezing at -20 °C for 1–24 hours and thawing at 23 °C for up to 24 hours for 5 cycles.
7 Enzymes offer a powerful way to selectively clip off the galactose side chains from guar molecules to not only mimic the architecture of locust beans but also provide new materials for making synergistic gels with other polysachharides. Guaran, the functional polysaccharide in guar gum is a chain of (1–4)-linked β-Dmannopyranosyl units with single (1–6)-linked α-D-galactopyranosyl units as the side chains. 7 The molecule is susceptible to enzymatic hydrolysis at three types of sites, namely, the endo- and exo- β-1,4 linkages between the D-mannose sugar units on the backbone and the α-1,6 linkage between the mannose unit Enzymatic Modification of Guar Solutions 43 Figure 1.
CONCLUSION The viscosity of guar solutions during enzymatic hydrolysis is only affected by endo-β-mannanase, the enzyme that cleaves the polymer back bone. Such an enzyme significantly reduces guar solution viscosity by as much as two orders of magnitude. The viscosity reduction kinetics reveal an initial rapid decrease followed by an asymptotic decay closely resembling the trends observed in the average molecular weight reduction. Correlation of zero shear viscosity with molecular weight reveals viscosity to follow a scaling relation with an unusually high scaling exponent of ~6.